Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology-erakunde pribatu bat jaio zen 1861.

Irakaskuntza Massachusetts Institute of Technology in tasak dira $48,000 (Gutxi gorabehera.).

MIT da Cambridge dago, Massachusetts, across the Charles River from downtown Boston. Soilik freshmen ikasle campusean bizi beharrezkoak dira, baina buruz 70 ikasleen ehuneko aukeratu campusean jarraituko dute, beren lau urteetan. MIT etxebizitzen eskaintzen du gela coolest bat ere herrialdean, normalean izeneko “Bob The,” Steven Holl arkitektoak diseinatu. MIT Ingeniarien harro baino gehiago 30 Adegi Division III taldeak, eta bere maskota Beaver bat da, bertan MIT aukeratu zuen, baita bere “ingeniaritza nabarmenak eta trebetasun mekanikoak eta bertako industriaren ohiturak.” Klase bakoitzak izeneko berezia eraztun bat diseinatu du “Brass Rat” hori sophomore urtean zehar agerian, datak itzuli den tradizio bat 1929.

MIT ikerketa zientifiko eta teknologikoetan oinarritzen da eta, bost ikastetxe eta unibertsitateko banatuta. Among its graduate schools are the highly ranked School of Engineering andSloan School of Management, Ekonomian programak indartsu gain, psikologia, biologia, kimika, lur zientziak, fisika eta matematika. Ikerketa MIT gastuak normalean gainditu $650 urte bakoitzeko milioi, finantzaketa gobernuak hala nola, Osasun eta Giza Zerbitzu eta Defentsa Saila Sailaren agentziak datozen. The “Independent jarduerak Programa,” udazkenean eta udaberrian seihileko arteko lau aste epe bat urtarrilean, ikastaro bereziak eskaintzen, hitzaldiak, lehiaketak eta proiektuak. Distinguished ikasle ohien artean, Apollo 11 astronauta Buzz Aldrin, U.N ohia. Idazkari nagusi Kofi Annan eta Erreserba Federalak Bank presidente Ben Bernanke.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology-misioa da ezagutza sustatzeko eta hezteko zientzian ikasleak, teknologia, eta beste beka arlo izango dela onena balioko nazioa eta munduko 21. mendean. halaber bultzatuta dugu ezagutza ekartzea munduko erronka handia zirujauak.

Institutuak independentea da, hezkidegarria, pribatuan dohatuak unibertsitatea, bost Eskolak antolatuta (arkitektura eta plangintza; ingeniaritza; humanitateak, arts, eta gizarte zientziak; kudeaketa; eta zientzia). batzuk ditu 1,000 irakasle, baino gehiago 11,000 graduko eta graduondoko ikasleentzat, eta baino gehiago 130,000 bizi ikasle ohien.

bere sorrera At 1861, MIT hezkuntza berrikuntza bat izan zen, eskuak-on arazoei komunitate bat oinarrizko zientzia eta irrikaz maiteminduta mundu hobea leku bat egiteko. gaur, izpiritu hori oraindik gidak ikasleak nola hezten dugu campusean eta ikaskuntza digitala teknologia berriak MIT irakaskuntza eskuragarria ikasleen milioika mundu osoko egiteko nola moldatzen dugu.

MIT diziplinarteko esplorazio espiritua askok aurrerapen zientifiko eta aurrerapen teknologikoak elikatutako. Adibide batzuk: penizilina eta bitamina A lehenengo sintesi kimikoa. radar garapena eta sorkuntza inertzial orientazio sistemak. core magnetiko memoria asmakuntza, eta horri esker, ordenagailuak digitalaren garapena. Major Human Genome Project ezinbesteko ekarpenak. Quarken aurkikuntza. Kalkulu-orri elektronikoen eta enkriptatze sistemak asmakuntza merkataritza elektronikoa ahalbidetzen duten. GPS sortzeak. Aitzindaria 3D inprimatzeko. zabalduz unibertsoaren kontzeptua.

Oraingo ikerketa eta hezkuntza arloetan, besteak beste ikaskuntza digitala; nanoteknologiaren; energia jasangarria, Ingurumena, klima egokitzapena, eta ura eta janaria global segurtasun; Big Datu, cyber, robotika, eta adimen artifiziala; giza osasuna, minbizia barne, GIB, autismoa, Alzheimer, eta dislexia; ingeniaritza biologiko eta CRISPR teknologia; pobrezia arintzeko; fabrikazio aurreratua; eta berrikuntza eta ekintzailetza.

MIT-en eragina gure ikasle ohien lana ere biltzen. Joanekoa MIT lizentziatuak gidatzeko aurrerapen ideia berriak entregatu mundu Enpresek hasita dago. Azken azterketa batek ebaluatzen duen bezala 2014, bizi MIT ikasle ohien jarri dute abian baino gehiago 30,000 enpresa aktibo, sortzeko 4.6 milioi lanpostu eta gutxi gorabehera sortuz $1.9 bilioi urteko diru-sarrerak. hartu elkarrekin, hau “nazio CON” da 10. handiena ekonomia baliokidea munduan!

eskolak / Kolegio / Sailak / Ikastaroak / Fakultateak


  • School of Architecture and Planning
  • Ingeniaritza Eskolan
  • Humanitate Eskola, Arts, eta Gizarte Zientziak
  • Sloan School of Management
  • Zientziaren Eskola

Historia


in 1859, a proposal was submitted to the Massachusetts General Court to use newly filled lands in Back Bay, Boston for aConservatory of Art and Science”, but the proposal failed. A charter for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, proposed by William Barton Rogers, was signed by the governor of Massachusetts on April 10, 1861.

Two days after the charter was issued, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MIT’s first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865. The new institute was founded as part of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to fund institutionsto promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes”, and was a land-grant school. in 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. in 1866, the proceeds from land sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay.

MIT was informally calledBoston Tech”. The institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker. Programs in electrical, chemical, marine, and sanitary engineering were introduced, eraikin berriak eraiki ziren, and the size of the student body increased to more than one thousand.

The curriculum drifted to a vocational emphasis, with less focus on theoretical science. The fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership. During theseBoston Tech” urte, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffedHarvard University president (and former MIT faculty) Charles W. Eliot’s repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard College’s Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard. In its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding. Eventually the MIT Corporation approved a formal agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty, ikasleak, and alumni. Hala, a 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effectively put an end to the merger scheme.

in 1916, the MIT administration and the MIT charter crossed the Charles River on the ceremonial barge Bucentaur built for the occasion, to signify MIT’s move to a spacious new campus largely consisting of filled land on a mile-long tract along the Cambridge side of the Charles River. The neoclassicalNew Technologycampus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded largely by anonymous donations from a mysterious “jauna. Smith”, aurrera 1912. urtarrilean 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, New York, who had invented methods of film production and processing, and founded Eastman Kodak. Between 1912 eta 1920, Eastman donated $20 milioi ($236.2 milioi in 2015 dolar) in cash and Kodak stock to MIT.

MIT has kept pace with and helped to advance the digital age. In addition to developing the predecessors to modern computing and networking technologies, ikasleak, langileak, and faculty members at Project MAC, the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and the Tech Model Railroad Club wrote some of the earliest interactive computer video games like Spacewar! and created much of modern hacker slang and culture. Several major computer-related organizations have originated at MIT since the 1980s: Richard Stallman’s GNU Project and the subsequent Free Software Foundation were founded in the mid-1980s at the AI Lab; the MIT Media Lab was founded in 1985 by Nicholas Negroponte and Jerome Wiesner to promote research into novel uses of computer technology; the World Wide Web Consortiumstandards organization was founded at the Laboratory for Computer Science in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee; the OpenCourseWare project has made course materials for over 2,000 MIT classes available online free of charge since 2002; and the One Laptop per Child initiative to expand computer education and connectivity to children worldwide was launched in 2005.

MIT was named a sea-grant college in 1976 to support its programs in oceanography and marine sciences and was named a space-grant college in 1989 to support its aeronautics and astronautics programs. Despite diminishing government financial support over the past quarter century, MIT launched several successful development campaigns to significantly expand the campus: new dormitories and athletics buildings on west campus; the Tang Center for Management Education; several buildings in the northeast corner of campus supporting research into biology, brain and cognitive sciences, genomics, bioteknologia, and cancer research; and a number of newbacklotbuildings on Vassar Street including the Stata Center. Construction on campus in the 2000s included expansions of the Media Lab, the Sloan School’s eastern campus, and graduate residences in the northwest. in 2006, President Hockfield launched the MIT Energy Research Council to investigate the interdisciplinary challenges posed by increasing global energy consumption.

in 2001, inspired by the open source and open access movements, MIT launched OpenCourseWare to make the lecture notes, problem sets, syllabuses, exams, and lectures from the great majority of its courses available online for no charge, though without any formal accreditation for coursework completed. While the cost of supporting and hosting the project is high, OCW expanded in 2005 to include other universities as a part of the OpenCourseWare Consortium, which currently includes more than 250 academic institutions with content available in at least six languages. in 2011, MIT announced it would offer formal certification (but not credits or degrees) to online participants completing coursework in itsMITxprogram, for a modest fee.[86] The “edX” online platform supporting MITx was initially developed in partnership with Harvard and its analogousHarvardxinitiative. The courseware platform is open source, and other universities have already joined and added their own course content.

Three days after the Boston Marathon bombing of April 2013, MIT Police patrol officer Sean Collier was fatally shot by the suspects Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, setting off a violent manhunt that shut down the campus and much of the Boston metropolitan area for a day. One week later, Collier’s memorial service was attended by more than 10,000 jende, in a ceremony hosted by the MIT community with thousands of police officers from the New England region and Canada. azaroaren 25, 2013, MIT announced the creation of the Collier Medal, to be awarded annually toan individual or group that embodies the character and qualities that Officer Collier exhibited as a member of the MIT community and in all aspects of his life”. The announcement further stated thatFuture recipients of the award will include those whose contributions exceed the boundaries of their profession, those who have contributed to building bridges across the community, and those who consistently and selflessly perform acts of kindness


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