Humboldt University of Berlin

Humboldt University of Berlin

Humboldt University of Berlin Paub meej

Mus kawm tau hauv Humboldt University of Berlin

Txheej txheem cej luam


cov Humboldt University of Berlin yog ib tug ntawm Berlin tus hlob universities, founded rau 15 Lub kaum hli ntuj 1810 raws li cov University of Berlin (Universitat zu Berlin) los ntawm cov tsis nrug Prussian kev kawm reformer thiab linguistWilhelm von Humboldt, uas nws lub tsev kawm ntawv cov qauv tau tau pab lwm nyob sab Europe thiab Western universities. Los ntawm 1828 nws hu ua tus Frederick William University (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat), thiab tom qab ntawd (unofficially) kuj raws li lub University unter qhoc chaw nkaum Linden tom qab nws qhov chaw nyob nyob rau hauv lub qub palace ntawm tub huabtais Henry ntawm Prussia (1726-1802) uas nws cov tij laug, King Frederick II, tau ua rau nws ntawm 1748 thiab 1753 nyob rau avenue Unter qhoc chaw nkaum Linden. Nyob rau hauv 1949, nws hloov nws lub npe rau Humboldt University nyob rau hauv Honor ntawm ob nws tus tsim Wilhelm thiab nws tus tij laug, geographer Alexander von Humboldt. Nyob rau hauv 2012, lub Humboldt University of Berlin yog ib tug ntawm kaum ib German universities los yeej nyob rau hauv lub German Universities Excellence teg num, ib lub teb chaws sib tw rau universities cov los ntawm cov German Federal Government. Lub tsev kawm ntawv tau kawm ntawv 29 Nobel nqi zog winners thiab yog pom tias yog ib ntawm cov feem ntau prestigious universities nyob rau hauv cov teb chaws Europe zuag qhia tag nrho li zoo raws li ib qho ntawm feem prestigious universities thoob ntiaj teb rau kev kawm thiab humanities.

Peb zoo siab hais tias koj xav nyob rau hauv kev kawm ntawm Humboldt-Universitat rau ib semester los yog ib xyoos. Diversity ntawm kev txawj ntse thiab variations nyob rau hauv qhia lawv yog qhov tseem ceeb rau lub Humboldtian lub tswv yim ntawm kev kawm ntawv. International Cov menyuam kawm ntawv uas xav kom siv ib feem ntawm cov hoob kawm ntawm Humboldt-Universitaet los yog tau rau npe rau ib tug degree ntawm no yog tshwj xeeb tshaj yog zoo siab txais tos. Lawv pab lawv cov kev kawm kev txawj ntse thiab thoob ntiaj teb kev xaav mus rau lub kev kawm lub rooj sab laj, muab Humboldt me nyuam kawm ntawv ib lub sij hawm kom paub txog lwm yam kev txawj ntse thiab lwm haiv neeg nyob rau hauv kev kawm ntawv. Peb paub tseeb tias koj yuav tsum tau mus cuag cov kev kawm hauj lwm tshwm sim rau koj teem tawm mus ua lub ob kawm thiab kev lis kev cai thaum absorbing paub lub Humboldt txoj kev.

Thov siv nco ntsoov tias thoob ntiaj teb me nyuam kawm ntawv uas tsis yog ib feem ntawm ib tug pauv qhov kev pab cuam thiab tsis tuav ib tug scholarship los ntawm ib tug pom zoo funder, yuav tsuas yuav cuv npe kawm raws li uas tsis yog-degree me nyuam kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv exceptional mob.

Cov nram qab no webpages yuav teb ntau cov lus nug thiab taw tes kom paub cov lus qhia los mus tshawb nrhiav. Rau cov neeg nyiam nyob rau hauv tau txais ib tug txheej txheem cej luam hais txog cov kev kawm muaj nyob rau hauv lus Askiv nyob rau hauv lub tam sim no semester, ib tug snapshot yuav nyob ntawm no.

 

Cov tsev kawm ntawv / tsev kawm ntawv qib / departments / Cov Hoob / faculties


  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm txoj cai lij choj
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm lej thiab Ntuj Sciences (Geography, Computer Science, Kev kawm txog zauv, Science News for KIDS, physics)
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm lub neej Sciences (Agriculture thiab Horticulture, Biology, Psychology)
  • Charité - Berlin University tshuaj
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Philosophy kuv (Philosophy, Keeb kwm, European Ethnology, Department ntawm Tsev qiv ntawv thiab Ntaub Ntawv Science)
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Philosophy II (Literature, Linguistics, Scandinavian kev tshawb fawb, romance literatures, English thiab American kev tshawb fawb, Slavic kev tshawb fawb, classical Philology)
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Humanities thiab Social Sciences (Social Sciences, Cultural Studies / Arts, Neeg Esxias / African Studies (muaj xws li Archaeology), Tub los ntxhais tshawb fawb, Kev ua si nawv science, RehabilitationStudies, Education, Zoo tswj nyob rau hauv kev kawm ntawv)
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm kev kawn txog
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Economics thiab ua lag ua luam Administration

Keeb kwm


nws thawj semester ntawm tus tshiab khiv nrhiav Berlin university tshwm sim nyob rau hauv 1810 nrog 256 menyuam kawm ntawv thiab 52 lecturers nyob rau hauv faculties raws li txoj cai, tshuaj, theology thiab philosophy nyob rau hauv rector Theodor Schmalz. Lub tsev kawm ntawv tau lub tsev mus rau ntau yam ntawm lub teb chaws Yelemees tus loj tshaj thinkers ntawm lub yav dhau los ob centuries, ntawm lawv lub subjective idealist philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, lub theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, lub meej idealist philosopher G.W.F. Hegel, lub Romantic kev cai lij choj theorist Friedrich Carl von Savigny, lub pessimist philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, lub hom phiaj idealist philosopher Friedrich Schelling, kev cai critic Walter Benjamin, thiab nto moo physicists Albert Einstein thiab Max Planck. Cov founders ntawm Marxist ziag Karl Marx thiab Friedrich Engels tau mus kawm lub tsev kawm ntawv, raws li tau kws sau paj lug Heinrich Heine, novelist Alfred Döblin, founder ntawm structuralism Ferdinand de Saussure, German unifier Otto von Bismarck, Communist tog ntawm lub teb chaws Yelemees tus tsim Karl Liebknecht, African American Yias Africanist W. E. B. Du Bois thiab European unifier Robert Schuman, raws li zoo raws li lub influential kws phais neeg Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov ib nrab ntawm lub 1800s. Lub tsev kawm ntawv yog ib lub tsev rau 29 Nobel nqi zog winners.

Tus qauv ntawm German kev tshawb fawb-intensive universities, xws li Humboldt, tau txais kev pab raws li ib tug qauv rau lub tsev zoo li Johns Hopkins University. ntxiv, nws tau raug thov hais tias “lub 'Humboldtian’ tsev kawm ntawv los ua ib tug qauv rau cov so ntawm teb chaws Europe nrog nws central ntsiab cai ua lub union los ntawm kev qhia thiab kev tshawb fawb nyob rau hauv lub chaw ua hauj lwm ntawm tus neeg kawm los yog paub txog.”

Nyob rau hauv tas li ntawd mus rau lub muaj zog Anchoring ntawm tsoos kawm, xws li science, kev cai lij choj, philosophy, keeb kwm, theology thiab tshuaj, Berlin University tsim los encompass heev heev tshiab scientific disciplines. Alexander von Humboldt, tij laug ntawm tus tsim William, nce lub tshiab txoj kev kawm. Nrog kev tsim kho ntawm niaj hnub tshawb fawb chaw nyob rau hauv lub thib ob ib nrab ntawm cov 19th pua qhia ntawm lub natural sciences pib. Nto moo soj ntsuam, xws li cov chemist lub yim hli ntuj Wilhelm Hofmann, lub physicist Hermann von Helmholtz, lub mathematicians Ernst Eduard Kummer, Leopold Kronecker,Karl Weierstrass, lub kws kho mob Johannes Peter Müller, Albrecht von Graefe, Rudolf Virchow andRobert Koch, pab mus rau Berlin University lub scientific koob meej.

Thaum lub sij hawm no lub sij hawm ntawm o, Berlin University maj txhab teeb lwm yav tas los cais kawm ntawv qib siab nyob rau hauv Berlin. Ib qho piv txwv yuav Charité, lub Pépinière thiab cov Collegium Medico-chirurgicum. Nyob rau hauv 1717, King Friedrich kuv tau los ua ib tug kev cais tawm lub tsev rau tus mob Plague rau ntawm lub nroog lub rooj vag, uas nyob rau hauv 1727 twb rechristened los ntawm lub “tub rog huab tais” Friedrich Wilhelm: “Nws yuav tsum tau hu ua Charité lub tsev” (Nws yuav tsum tau hu ua Charité [Fabkis rau sib hlub sib txhawb]). los ntawm 1829 qhov chaw ua Berlin University mob hauv tsev kawm ntawv thiab tseem kom mus txog rau thaum 1927 thaum lub ntau niaj hnub University tsev kho mob twb ua tau lub tsev.

Berlin University pib ib yam keeb kwm sau nyob rau hauv 1810, uas, los ntawm 1889 yuav tsum tau ib daim tsev thiab los ua tus tsev cia puav pheej für Naturkunde. Lub preexisting Tierarznei tsev kawm ntawv, nrhiav nyob rau hauv 1790 thiab absorbed los ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv, nyob rau hauv 1934 tsim lub hauv paus ntawm lub Veterinary tshuaj chaw (Hauv paus veterinary kws qhia ntawv). Yog li ntawd, Agricultural University of Berlin (Agricultural University of Berlin), nrhiav nyob rau hauv 1881 twb koom tes nrog cov Agricultural faculties ntawm lub University.

Tom qab 1933, zoo li tag nrho cov German universities, nws tau cuam tshuam los ntawm lub Nazi regime. Lub rector thaum lub sij hawm lub sij hawm no yog Eugen Fischer. Nws yog los ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv lub tsev qiv ntawv uas yog ib co 20,000 phau ntawv los ntawm “degenerates” thiab cov tw ntawm lub tsoom fwv raug coj mus rau yuav raug hlawv rau Tej zaum 10 ntawm xyoo nyob rau hauv lub Opernplatz (tam sim no lub Bebelplatz) rau ib tug ua qauv qhia kev tiv thaiv los ntawm cov SA uas tseem featured ib tug hais lus los ntawm Yauxej Goebbels. Ib tug monument rau qhov no yuav tam sim no muaj nyob rau hauv qhov chaw ntawm lub square, muaj ib tug iav vaj huam sib luag qhib mus rau ib underground dawb chav tsev nrog tas txee qhov chaw rau 20,000 tagnrho thiab ib tug quav hniav, kev coj tus kheej ib tug epigraph los ntawm ib tug 1820 ua hauj lwm los ntawm Heinrich Heine: “Qhov ntawd tsuas yog ib tug prelude, qhov uas lawv hlawv cov phau ntawv, lawv hlawv nyob rau hauv lub kawg neeg” (“Qhov no yog tab sis ib tug prelude; qhov uas lawv hlawv cov phau ntawv, lawv kawg hlawv neeg”).

Kev cai lij choj rau lub Txum Tim Rov Qab Professional Civil Service (German “Law rau lub Txum Tim Rov Qab Professional Civil Service”) ua nyob rau hauv 250 Jewish professors thiab neeg ua hauj lwm raug rho tawm haujlwm thaum lub sij hawm 1933/1934 thiab heev heev doctorates raug rho. Cov menyuam kawm ntawv thiab kws tshawb fawb thiab kev nom kev tswv tw ntawm Nazis tau ntiab tawm ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv thiab feem ntau deported. Thaum lub sij hawm lub sij hawm no ze li ntawm ib feem peb ntawm tag nrho cov neeg ua hauj lwm tau raug rho tawm haujlwm los ntawm cov Nazis.

Lub Soviet tub rog Administration nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws Yelemees (SMAD) kom (Hais kom Reference. 4) qhib ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv Lub ib hlis ntuj 1946. Lub SMAD xav tau ib tug redesigned Berlin University raws li nyob rau hauv lub Soviet qauv, Txawm li cas los lawv hais rau cov phrasing “tshiab khiv qhib” thiab tsis “rov qhib” rau kev nom kev tswv yog vim li cas. Cov thawj tswj hwm ntawm lub German Central Administration rau National Education (DZVV), Paul Wandel, nyob rau hauv nws qhov chaw nyob nyob rau lub ib hlis ntuj 29, 1946, qhib ceremony, hais tias: “Kuv hais lus ntawm cov lus qhib, thiab tsis yog los ntawm lub re-qhib ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv. Lub University of Berlin yuav tsum zoo rov qab pib dua nyob rau hauv yuav luag txhua txhua txoj kev. Koj muaj ua ntej koj cov duab no ntawm lub qub tsev kawm ntawv. Ua li cas tseem ntawm hais tias yog tsis muaj nuj nqis tab sis ruins.” Cov kev qhia tau tas rau xya departments ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv reopened, ua tsov ua rog puas vaj tse, muaj ntau yam ntawm cov xib fwb tuag los yog ploj lawm. Txawm li cas los, los ntawm lub caij ntuj no semester ntawm 1946, lub Economic thiab kev kawm Sciences kws qhia ntawv tau rov qhib.

Cov neeg ua haujlwm thiab Peasants kws qhia ntawv (German: Cov neeg ua haujlwm 'thiab Peasants' Kws qhia ntawv) (ABF), ib txoj kev kawm tswj cov tub hluas uas, vim nom tswv los yog haiv neeg yog vim li cas, tau Raws Tsis Cuag Luag nyob rau hauv lub Nazis, yog tsim los pab rau ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv thaum lub sij hawm lub sij hawm no. Qhov kev pab no muaj nyob rau ntawm Berlin University kom txog rau thaum 1962.


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THOV NCO NTSOOV: EducationBro Magazine muab koj muaj peev xwm nyeem info txog universities ntawm 96 lus, tab sis peb thov kom koj mus hwm lwm cov neeg thiab tawm cov lus nyob rau lus Askiv.