Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology

Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology. Txoj kev tshawb no Engineering nyob rau hauv Russia

Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology Paub meej

Mus kawm tau hauv Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology

Txheej txheem cej luam


Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology yog ib tug leading Lavxias teb sab tsev kawm ntawv uas cob cov tub ntxhais kawm nyob rau hauv ntau yam teb niaj hnub science thiab technology.

MIPT twb teem rau lub Cuaj hlis 17, 1951 los ntawm Resolution # 3517-1635 ntawm lub Soviet txee ntawm Ministers rau lub hauv paus ntawm lub Department of Physics thiab Technology nyob rau Lomonosov Moscow State University. Lub department pib ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv Kaum ib hlis 25, 1946. Nyob rau lub kaum hli ntuj 1, 1951, kev daws teeb meem yog approvedby thawj txiav txim ntawm tus Soviet Education Ministry. Nyob rau lub kaum ib hlis 2, 2009, MIPT twb pom cov xwm txheej ntawm lub teb chaws kev tshawb fawb University los ntawm cov Lavxias teb sab tsoom fwv.

MIPT muaj ib tug heev nplua nuj keeb kwm. Nws founders muaj academicians Pyotr Kapitsa, Nikolay Semenov thiab Sergey Khristianovich. Nws cov thawj professors twb Nobel nqi zog winners Kapitsa, Semenov thiab Lev Landau, thiab nws cov thawj rector yog Ivan Petrov. Muaj Nobel nqi zog winners ntawm cov MIPT tus kawm tiav raws li tau zoo. Muaj ntau MIPT professors yog ua Lavxias teb sab zaum, xws li 80 mej zeej ntawm lub Lavxias teb sab Academy ntawm Sciences.

Los ntawm cov nyuam, MIPT tau siv ib tug tshwj xeeb system rau kev kawm tshwj xeeb, lub npe hu ua lub Phystech System, uas combines siv science, engineering disciplines thiab tub ntxhais kawm ntawv tshawb fawb.

Nrog ib tug keeb kwm nplua nuj nyob rau hauv cov txheej xwm loj thiab longstanding kev cai, MIPT them zoo-deserved mloog kom nws cim. MIPT muaj ib tug thawj emblem, uas embodies nws muab siab npuab Vajtswv mus science.

txhua 5 xyoo MIPT qhab nia ob hnub, kev zoo siab lub creation ntawm lub Department of Physics thiab Technology ntawm Moscow State University rau Kaum ib hlis 25, 1946 thiab cov creation ntawm Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology, uas coj qhov chaw tsib xyoo tom qab ntawd.

Cov tsev kawm ntawv / tsev kawm ntawv qib / departments / Cov Hoob / faculties


Department ntawm xov tooj cua Engineering thiab Cybernetics

Txij thaum 1952 peb tau feeb meej nyob rau hauv kev tshawb fawb nyob rau hauv hluav taws xob engineering thiab cybertechnology. Peb cov tub ntxhais muab siv cov kev tshawb fawb nrog kev tshawb fawb kev ua ub no uas muaj feem rau kev kawm teeb meem nyob rau hauv lub teb ntawm wireless tshuab, khoom-lub xeev pab kiag li lawm, tswj kev tshawb xav, kawm tshuab, teeb liab ua, thaum uas tig mus thiab faib xam, txhaum-thaiv xam, thiab computer tsis pom kev.

Department of General thiab Applied Physics

Ntawm no yog ib tug ntawm qhov zoo tshaj plaws qhov chaw rau muab kev koom tes nyob rau hauv lub feem ntau zoo kawg nkaus thiab feem ntau nyuab chaw ntawm kev txawj ntse. Peb qhia peb cov tub ntxhais kawm mus nias rau ib thaj tsam ntawm tib neeg kev nkag siab ntawm qhov chaw thiab lub sij hawm, ntawm teeb meem thiab lub zog ntawm nuclear rau lub cosmological. Peb muaj cov kev tshawb kawm txog ib tug universal xwm rau cov neeg uas twv tau paub.

Department of Aerophysics thiab qhov chaw tshawb fawb

Txoj kev kawm pab cuam ntawm lub Department tsom rau ib cov tswv yim mus kom ze rau lub sij hawm uas muab los ntawm qhov chaw kev lag luam thiab muaj xws li tus khoos kas aerospace engineering, qhov chaw science thiab qhov chaw technology. Peb tshawb fawb tsom rau biosystems engineering, lub ntiaj teb tej thaj chaw deb tsoov, thiab natural resource kev tshawb kawm. Qub tub ntxhais kawm muaj xws li astronauts, txoj cai-makers, high-qeb duas tub ceev xwm thiab kev soj ntsuam ntawm leej twg ua hauj lwm rau tej ntug ntawm lub ntiaj teb thiab qhov chaw sciences nyob rau hauv lub feem ntau fwm kev tshawb fawb chaw thiab tuam txhab uas muag ob leeg nyob rau Lavxias teb sab thiab txawv teb chaws.

Department of Molecular thiab tshuaj Physics

Combining MIPT tus tsoos kev pab cuam nyob rau hauv cov ntshiab physics thiab lej nrog sib sib zog nqus cov kev tshawb fawb nyob rau hauv Science News for KIDS, lub Department tuav cim tshwj xeeb uas ua cov kev tshawb fawb nyob rau hauv cov tshuaj muaj zog thiab cov tshuaj tiv thaiv mechanisms, cov ntaub ntawv thiab ntshav Science News for KIDS li zoo raws li lub physics kev nyob nruab. Peb lub zej lub zos muaj cov neeg uas tshawb xyuas radiochemistry thiab kev coj cwj pwm thwmsim siv laser tshuab.

Department ntawm lub cev thiab Quantum Electronics

Converging kev kawm ntshiab sciences nrog lub hwj chim ntawm peb cov kev lag luam-kawm kev sib koom tes, lub Department muab kev cob qhia cov kev pab cuam rau cov tub ntxhais kawm uas xav los ua koj soj ntsuam nyob rau hauv lub teb ntawm electronics. Peb tshawb cov ntaub ntawv tshiab thiab tsim txoj kev tshiab nyob rau hauv khoom hauv lub xeev siv hluav taws xob raws li zoo raws li nyob rau hauv laser thiab optics systems muab hliav efficiency rau kawm kev daws teeb meem nyob rau hauv telecommunications, tswj lub nruab, supercomputers thiab cov Aerospace kev lag luam. Peb twv hloov lub ntiaj teb no..

Department of Aeromechanics thiab Davhlau Engineering

Lub Department npaj cov menyuam kawm ntawv kev txaus qhia nyob rau hauv lub Aerospace kev lag luam, tsoom fwv, thiab ua lag ua luam los ntawm muab ib tug intensive kev qhia ntawv merged nrog cutting-edge kev tshawb fawb ntawm Russia lub renowned Aviaindustry sawv. Peb qhov kev pab cuam tsom rua aeromechanics, tswj, propulsion thiab engineering teeb meem ntawm aircraft. Lub department yog nyob rau hauv lub nroog ntawm Zhukovsky, Moscow Thaj av.

Department of Control thiab Applied Mathematics

Lub Department muab kev cob qhia nyob rau bachelor thiab tus tswv lub theem nyob rau hauv applied ua lej. Kev kawm ntawv cov kev pab cuam yog teem rau zauv modeling nyob rau hauv yuav tsum muaj thiab thov physics, mechanics thiab economics. Peb muaj cim kev kawm nyob rau hauv supercomputing, artificial txawj ntse, system tsom xam thiab software engineering. .

Department ntawm teeb meem ntawm Physics thiab energetics

Lub Department tsom rau cov zaum kawm mus fim ib tug ntau yam ntawm txoj kev sib tw tshwm sim los ntawm kev loj hlob sai ntawm tib neeg kev vam meej nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua 21st. Peb muaj cov kev pab cuam muaj feem xyuam rau quantum optics, huab xeev ntawm teeb meem, nuclear physics, astrophysics thiab cosmology, yuav tsum muaj kev sib tshuam thiab ntshav energetics. Peb sim ua kev sim kawm tshaj cov kev txwv ntawm tam sim no-hnub science thiab peb zoo siab rau peb kawm tiav, uas yog muab kev koom tes nyob rau hauv soj qab qhov feem spectacular tshwm sim ntawm lub ntug.

Department ntawm Innovation thiab High Technology

Xyuas hauv computer thiab cov lus qhia technologies tau ua indispensable rau lub neej niaj hnub. Lub Department npaj peb cov menyuam kawm ntawv muab sawv mus tshiab nrhav, yuav tsum tau xav ua nyob rau hauv kev kawm computer science, mus tshawb cov kev sib tham isthawmnev-ntug thiab siv lawv cov tswv yim nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no tiag nrog rau kev pab los ntawm peb cov kev lag luam-kawm kev sib koom tes nrog lub ntiaj teb no tus loj tshaj plaws software tuam txhab uas muag thiab high-tech corporations.

Department of lom thiab kev kho mob Physics

Tsaug rau MIPT lub cim qhia style thiab qauv lub Department yog phiajcim tshuaj, ib thiab Science News for KIDS nrog yuav tsum muaj physics thiab kawm zauv thiaj li tsim txoj kev tshiab rau cov kev kho mob kev lag luam thiab yees rau kws ntau lawm. Peb alumni xws li neeg ua lag luam, qhia ntawv thiab cov kev soj ntsuam thawb rau ib thaj tsam ntawm lub neej sciences.

Department of nano, bio-, Information Technology thiab Cognitive Science

converging nanotechnology, biotechnology, ntaub ntawv technology thiab kev txawj ntse science rau hauv ib tug holistic kos duab rau ntawm cognition, peb tau nrhiav ib tug tshiab kev ntsuas rau kev to taub peb lub ntiaj teb thiab ua rau nws ib tug zoo dua qhov chaw. Lub NBIC department yog tsim los pab nyob rau hauv lub nyob ze txoj kev koom tes nrog rau cov renowned NRC "Kurchatov lub koom haum", uas tau ib tug hub ntawm cutting-edge science txij thaum lub Soviet era. Lub department yog nyob rau hauv Moscow.

Department ntawm Tsev Kawm Ntawv ntawm dua Systems Engineering yog ib qho interfaculty department kev cob qhia rau tus tswv lub me nyuam kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv 222300, “High Technology thiab Economics ntawm Innovation.” Lub hom phiaj tseem ceeb ntawm qhov kev pab cuam yog qhov kev kawm ntawm cov thawj coj nyob rau hauv kev siv technology tshiab teb.

Keeb kwm


Nyob rau hauv lig 1945 thiab thaum ntxov 1946, ib pab pawg neeg ntawm muaj koob Soviet zaum, xws li nyob rau hauv kev lub neej yav tom ntej Nobel nqi zog khiav Pyotr Kapitsa, lobbied ntawm tsoom fwv rau cov creation ntawm ib tug ntau dua kev kawm lub tsev radically sib txawv ntawm cov hom tsim nyob rau hauv lub Soviet system kawm ntawv qib siab. Cov neeg thov, ua tib zoo xaiv los ntawm nyuaj xeem thiab kev xam phaj, yuav tsum tau qhia los ntawm, thiab ua hauj lwm ua ke nrog, mas zaum. Txhua tus menyuam kawm yuav ua raws li tus kheej cov ntaub ntawv kawm tsim kom phim nws los yog nws tej thaj chaw ntawm kev txaus siab thiab specialization. Qhov no system yuav tom qab ua lub npe hu raws li lub Phystech System.

Nyob rau hauv ib tsab ntawv mus rau Stalin nyob rau hauv Lub ob hlis ntuj 1946, Kapitsa sib cav rau qhov yuav tsum tau rau xws li ib tug lub tsev kawm ntawv, uas nws tentatively hu ua lub Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology, kom zoo dua tswj thiab tsim lub teb chaws tiv thaiv tej zaum. Lub koom haum yuav ua raws li cov ntsiab cai saum toj no, thiab yuav tsum tau tswj hwm los ntawm lub Rooj Tswjhwm Saib ntawm directors ntawm cov kev tshawb fawb institutes ntawm lub USSR Academy ntawm Sciences. Nyob rau lub peb hlis ntuj 10, 1946, tsoom fwv muab ib tug decree mandating lub tsev lag luam ntawm ib tug “College ntawm Physics thiab Technology”

Rau cov tsis paub yog vim li cas, thawj zaug kev npaj tuaj mus rau ib tug halt nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov ntawm 1946. Lub caij nyoog muaj tshwm sim yog tsis muaj ntaub ntawv, tab sis cov assumption yog tias Kapitsa tus tsis kam mus koom nyob rau hauv lub atomic foob pob project, thiab nws disfavor nrog rau tsoom fwv thiab communist party uas ua raws li, nrum ib tug duab ntxoov ntxoo dua ib qho kev ywj tsev kawm ntawv raws li kev lom zem ntau rau nws lub tswv yim. Es tsis txhob, ib tug tshiab tsoom fwv txoj cai twb muab rau Kaum ib hlis 25, 1946 tsim kom muaj lub tsev kawm ntawv tshiab raws li ib tug Department of Physics thiab Technology hauv Moscow State University. Kaum ib hlis 25 yog lom hnub MIPT lub founding.

Kapitsa piav tias nyob rau hauv ib txwm kawm ntawv, lub tsev kawm ntawv tshiab yuav pom me ntsis bureaucratic obstacles, tab sis txawm tias Kapitsa tus thawj lub tswv yim los tsim lub tsev kawm ntawv tshiab raws li ywj siab lub koom haum tsis tau tuaj mus rau fruition raws nraim li envisioned, nws tseem ceeb tshaj plaws hauv paus ntsiab lus dim lawm. Tus tshiab Department enjoyed loj autonomy hauv Moscow State University. Nws chaw nyob rau hauv Dolgoprudny (ob tug vaj tse nws nyob yog tseem yog ib feem ntawm lub hnub tam sim no tsev kawm ntawv), deb ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv MSU. Nws tau nws tus kheej ywj siab txais kawm thiab kev kawm ntawv system, txawv los ntawm ib tug centrally yuav tsum rau tag nrho lwm cov universities. Nws twb mus los ntawm lub MSU “vice rector rau tshwj xeeb cov teeb meem”piv txoj hauj lwm tsim rau tiv thaiv lub tuam tsev los ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv kev tswj.

Raws li Kapitsa yuav tsum, tshwj xeeb raws li txoj cai ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv tshiab nrog nws cov sib txawv “kev cai ntawm kev koom tes” tshwm sim los ntau consternation thiab kuj nyob rau hauv lub tsev kawm ntawv. Qhov tam sim ntawd cult raws li txoj cai uas Phystech tau cov feemxyuam tub hluas ntxhais hluas, kos los ntawm cov kev sib tw thiab Romanticism ntawm ua hauj lwm rau lub forefront ntawm science thiab technology, thiab nyob rau tej yaam num ntawm “tsoom fwv tseem ceeb,” muaj ntau yam ntawm lawv txwv kom muab zais, ua nws ib tug untouchable rival ntawm txhua lwm yam tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws, xws li MSU tus kheej Department of Physics. Nyob rau tib lub sij hawm, qhov zuj zus disfavor ntawm Kapitsa nrog rau tsoom fwv (nyob rau hauv 1950 nws yog yeej tseem zoo nyob rau hauv lub tsev raug ntes), thiab anti-Semitic repressions ntawm lub caij 1940s ua Phystech ib qho yooj yim lub hom phiaj ntawm intrigues thiab accusations ntawm “elitism” thiab “rootless cosmopolitanism.” Nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov ntawm 1951, lub Phystech department ntawm MSU twb kaw cia.[4]

Ib pab pawg neeg ntawm academicians, backed los ntawm Cua Dag Zog Yuam kev Ivan Fedorovich Petrov, uas yog ib tug Phystech supporter influential txaus luag Stalin tus kheej kev pom zoo nyob rau hauv lub qhov teeb meem, ua tau zoo nyob rau hauv re-tsim kom muaj Phystech raws li ywj siab lub koom haum. Nyob rau lub Cuaj Hli Ntuj 17, 1951, ib tug tsoom fwv txoj cai re-tsim Phystech li cov Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology.

Sib nrug los ntawm Kapitsa, lwm yam tseem ceeb zaum uas qhia nyob rau ntawm lub MIPT nyob rau hauv lub xyoo uas ua raws li muaj Nobel nqi zog winners Nikolay Semyonov, lev Landau, alexandr Prokhorov, Vitaly Ginzburg; thiab Academy ntawm Sciences neeg Sergey Khristianovich, Mikhail Lavrentiev, Mstislav Keldysh, Sergey Korolyov, thiab Boris Rauschenbach. MIPT alumni xws li Andre Geim thiab Konstantin Novoselov, lub 2010 winners ntawm cov Nobel nqi zog rau Physics.


Koj puas xav sib tham txog Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology ? tej lo lus nug, lus los yog kev txheeb xyuas


Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology rau daim ntawv qhia


Photo


duab: Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology official Facebook

Video





Muab daim ntawv pab tau info nrog koj cov phooj ywg

Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology xyuas

Tuaj koom nrog rau sib tham txog ntawm Moscow lub koom haum ntawm Physics thiab Technology.
THOV NCO NTSOOV: EducationBro Magazine muab koj muaj peev xwm nyeem info txog universities ntawm 96 lus, tab sis peb thov kom koj mus hwm lwm cov neeg thiab tawm cov lus nyob rau lus Askiv.