- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
apèsi sou lekòl la
Massachusetts Institute of Technology se yon enstitisyon prive ki te fonde nan 1861.
frè ekolaj nan Massachusetts Institute of Technology yo $48,000 (Anv.).
MIT a sitiye nan Cambridge, Massachusetts, across the Charles River from downtown Boston. Se sèlman yo gen obligasyon elèv yo elèv premye ane yo viv sou lakou lekòl la, men sou 70 pousan elèv chwazi yo rete sou lakou lekòl la pandan kat ane yo. MIT ofri lojman nan youn nan dortwar yo koul nan peyi a, souvan yo rele “Eponj nan,” ki fèt nan achitèk Steven Holl. Enjenyè yo MIT fè grandizè plis pase 30 ekip NCAA Divizyon III, ak maskot yo se yon kastò, ki MIT te chwazi paske yo te li yo “jeni remakab ak konpetans mekanik ak abitid li yo nan endistri.” Chak klas desen yon bag inik rele “an kwiv rat” ki se devwale pandan ane sophomore, yon tradisyon ki dat tounen nan 1929.
MIT konsantre sou rechèch syantifik ak teknolojik e li divize nan senk lekòl ak nan kolèj youn. Among its graduate schools are the highly ranked School of Engineering andSloan School of Management, nan adisyon a pwogram fò nan ekonomi, sikoloji, byoloji, chimi, latè syans, fizik ak matematik. depans Rechèch nan MIT te tipikman depase $650 milyon dola chak ane, avèk fon vini soti nan ajans gouvènman tankou Depatman an nan Sante ak Sèvis Imen ak Department of Defense. nan “Pwogram Aktivite Endepandan,” yon tèm kat semèn ant otòn ak prentan semès nan mwa janvye, ofri kou espesyal, konferans, konpetisyon ak pwojè. ansyen elèv Distenge gen ladan Apollo 11 astronot Buzz Aldrin, ansyen U.N. Sekretè Jeneral Kofi Annan ak Rezèv Federal Bank Prezidan Ben Bernanke.
Misyon an nan Enstiti nan Massachusetts nan Teknoloji se avanse konesans ak edike elèv nan syans, teknoloji, ak lòt zòn nan bousdetid ki pral pi byen sèvi nasyon an ak mond lan nan 21yèm syèk la. Nou gen dwa tou kondwi yo pote konesans pote sou defi gwo nan mond lan.
Enstiti a se yon endepandan, coeducational, prive doue inivèsite, òganize an senk Lekòl (achitekti ak planifikasyon; jeni; Imanite, atizay, ak syans sosyal; jesyon; ak syans). Li te gen kèk 1,000 manb pwofesè Univèsite, plis pase 11,000 bakaloreya, epi diplome elèv yo, ak plis pase 130,000 ansyen elèv k ap viv.
Nan fondatè li yo nan 1861, MIT te yon inovasyon edikasyon, yon kominote nan men-sou rezoud pwoblèm nan renmen ak syans fondamantal ak anvi fè mond lan yon pi bon plas. jodi a, ki lespri toujou gide ki jan nou edike elèv sou lakou lekòl la ak ki jan nou fòme nouvo teknoloji aprantisaj dijital fè MIT anseye aksesib a dè milyon de elèv k ap aprann atravè mond lan.
te lespri MIT a nan eksplorasyon entèdisiplinè alimenté anpil avans syantifik ak avans teknolojik. Yon egzanp kèk: premye sentèz la pwodui chimik nan penisilin ak vitamin A. Devlopman nan rada ak kreyasyon nan sistèm konsèy inèrsyèl. Envansyon nan mayetik memwa nwayo, ki pèmèt devlopman nan òdinatè dijital. Gwo kontribisyon yo ba Pwojè a genomic Imèn. Dekouvèt la nan kark. Envansyon nan calcul a elektwonik ak nan sistèm chifreman ki pèmèt E-commerce. Kreyasyon an nan GPS. Pyonye enprime 3D. Konsèp la nan linivè a agrandi.
rechèch ak edikasyon zòn Kouran gen ladan aprantisaj dijital; nanotechnologie; durable enèji, anviwònman an, klima adaptasyon, ak mondyal dlo ak manje sekirite; Big Done, cybersecurity, robotic, ak entèlijans atifisyèl; sante moun, ki gen ladan kansè, VIH, otis, alzayme a, ak disleksi; jeni byolojik ak teknoloji CRISPR; soulajman povrete; manifakti avanse; ak inovasyon ak Antreprenarya.
enpak MIT a gen ladan tou travay la nan ansyen elèv nou. Youn nan fason MIT gradye kondwi pwogrè se pa kòmanse konpayi yo ki delivre nouvo lide nan mond lan. Yon etid resan estime ke kòm nan 2014, k ap viv MIT ansyen elèv yo te lanse plis pase 30,000 konpayi aktif, kreye 4.6 milyon Travay ak génération apeprè $1.9 billions nan revni anyèl. ansanm, sa a “aK nasyon” ki ekivalan a 10yèm-pi gwo ekonomi an nan mond lan!
Lekòl / kolèj / depatman / kou / kapasite
- School of Architecture and Planning
- Lekòl nan Jeni
- Lekòl nan Syans imanitè, Atizay, ak Syans sosyal
- Sloan School of Management
- Lekòl nan Syans
nan 1859, a proposal was submitted to the Massachusetts General Court to use newly filled lands in Back Bay, Boston for a “Conservatory of Art and Science”, but the proposal failed. A charter for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, proposed by William Barton Rogers, was signed by the governor of Massachusetts on April 10, 1861.
Two days after the charter was issued, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MIT’s first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865. The new institute was founded as part of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to fund institutions “to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes”, and was a land-grant school. nan 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. nan 1866, the proceeds from land sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay.
MIT was informally called “Boston Tech”. The institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker. Programs in electrical, pwodui chimik, marine, and sanitary engineering were introduced, new buildings were built, and the size of the student body increased to more than one thousand.
The curriculum drifted to a vocational emphasis, with less focus on theoretical science. The fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership. During these “Boston Tech” ane, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffedHarvard University president (and former MIT faculty) Charles W. Eliot’s repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard College’s Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard. In its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding. Eventually the MIT Corporation approved a formal agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty, elèv yo, and alumni. Sepandan, yon 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effectively put an end to the merger scheme.
nan 1916, the MIT administration and the MIT charter crossed the Charles River on the ceremonial barge Bucentaur built for the occasion, to signify MIT’s move to a spacious new campus largely consisting of filled land on a mile-long tract along the Cambridge side of the Charles River. The neoclassical “New Technology” campus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded largely by anonymous donations from a mysterious “mesye. Smith”, kòmanse nan 1912. nan mwa janvye 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, New York, who had invented methods of film production and processing, and founded Eastman Kodak. Ant 1912 ak 1920, Eastman donated $20 milyon dola ($236.2 milyon dola nan 2015 dola) in cash and Kodak stock to MIT.
MIT has kept pace with and helped to advance the digital age. In addition to developing the predecessors to modern computing and networking technologies, elèv yo, anplwaye, and faculty members at Project MAC, the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and the Tech Model Railroad Club wrote some of the earliest interactive computer video games like Spacewar! and created much of modern hacker slang and culture. Several major computer-related organizations have originated at MIT since the 1980s: Richard Stallman’s GNU Project and the subsequent Free Software Foundation were founded in the mid-1980s at the AI Lab; the MIT Media Lab was founded in 1985 by Nicholas Negroponte and Jerome Wiesner to promote research into novel uses of computer technology; the World Wide Web Consortiumstandards organization was founded at the Laboratory for Computer Science in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee; the OpenCourseWare project has made course materials for over 2,000 MIT classes available online free of charge since 2002; and the One Laptop per Child initiative to expand computer education and connectivity to children worldwide was launched in 2005.
MIT was named a sea-grant college in 1976 to support its programs in oceanography and marine sciences and was named a space-grant college in 1989 to support its aeronautics and astronautics programs. Despite diminishing government financial support over the past quarter century, MIT launched several successful development campaigns to significantly expand the campus: new dormitories and athletics buildings on west campus; the Tang Center for Management Education; several buildings in the northeast corner of campus supporting research into biology, brain and cognitive sciences, genomics, biotechnologie, and cancer research; and a number of new “backlot” buildings on Vassar Street including the Stata Center. Construction on campus in the 2000s included expansions of the Media Lab, the Sloan School’s eastern campus, and graduate residences in the northwest. nan 2006, President Hockfield launched the MIT Energy Research Council to investigate the interdisciplinary challenges posed by increasing global energy consumption.
nan 2001, inspired by the open source and open access movements, MIT launched OpenCourseWare to make the lecture notes, problem sets, syllabuses, exams, and lectures from the great majority of its courses available online for no charge, though without any formal accreditation for coursework completed. While the cost of supporting and hosting the project is high, OCW expanded in 2005 to include other universities as a part of the OpenCourseWare Consortium, which currently includes more than 250 academic institutions with content available in at least six languages. nan 2011, MIT announced it would offer formal certification (but not credits or degrees) to online participants completing coursework in its “MITx” pwogram, for a modest fee. nan “èdo” online platform supporting MITx was initially developed in partnership with Harvard and its analogous “Harvardx” initiative. The courseware platform is open source, and other universities have already joined and added their own course content.
Three days after the Boston Marathon bombing of April 2013, MIT Police patrol officer Sean Collier was fatally shot by the suspects Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, setting off a violent manhunt that shut down the campus and much of the Boston metropolitan area for a day. One week later, Collier’s memorial service was attended by more than 10,000 moun, in a ceremony hosted by the MIT community with thousands of police officers from the New England region and Canada. Sou Novanm 25, 2013, MIT announced the creation of the Collier Medal, to be awarded annually to “an individual or group that embodies the character and qualities that Officer Collier exhibited as a member of the MIT community and in all aspects of his life”. The announcement further stated that “Future recipients of the award will include those whose contributions exceed the boundaries of their profession, those who have contributed to building bridges across the community, and those who consistently and selflessly perform acts of kindness”
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