- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology bụ a onwe alụmdi na e hiwere na 1861.
Nkuzi ụgwọ na Massachusetts Institute of Technology na- $48,000 (Aprox.).
MIT dị na Cambridge, Massachusetts, across the Charles River from downtown Boston. Naanị freshmen ụmụ akwụkwọ na-chọrọ ibi na campus, ma banyere 70 percent nke ụmụ akwụkwọ na-ekpebi ịghara on campus n'oge ha afọ anọ. MIT awade ụlọ na otu n'ime coolest dorms na mba, akpọkarị “The Ogbo,” mere site atụpụta ụkpụrụ ụlọ Steven Holl. The MIT Engineers ịnya isi ihe karịrị 30 NCAA Division III ìgwè, na ha mascot bụ a biva, nke MIT họọrọ n'ihi na nke “ịrịba ama injinịa na n'ibu nkà na ya àgwà nke ụlọ ọrụ.” Onye ọ bụla na klas ese ụkpụrụ a pụrụ iche mgbanaka akpọ “Brass Rat” a na-ekpughere n'oge sophomore afọ, a omenala na ụbọchị laghachi 1929.
MIT na-elekwasị anya na nkà mmụta sayensị na nkà na ụzụ nnyocha na na-ekewa n'ime ise n'ụlọ akwụkwọ na otu mahadum. Among its graduate schools are the highly ranked School of Engineering andSloan School of Management, na mgbakwunye na ike omume na akụnụba, akparamaagwa, usoro ndu, chemistry, ụwa sayensị, physics na mgbakọ na mwepụ. Research expenditures na MIT na a karịa $650 nde kwa afọ, na ego na-abịa site ụlọ ọrụ gọọmenti dị ka Department of Health and Human Services na Ngalaba ozize. The “Independent Ihe Program,” a izu anọ okwu n'etiti ọdịda na mmiri semesters na January, awade pụrụ iche ọmụmụ, okwu, asọmpi na oru ngo. Na-akwanyere ùgwù Alumni agụnye Apollo 11 aga na mbara igwe Buzz Aldrin, mbụ U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan na Federal Reserve Bank onyeisi oche Ben Bernanke.
Ozi nke Massachusetts Institute of Technology bụ na-enwe ọganihu ihe ọmụma na-akụziri ụmụ akwụkwọ na nkà mmụta sayensị, technology, na akụkụ ndị ọzọ nke mfọn ga mma-eje ozi na mba na ụwa na narị afọ nke 21. Anyị na-chụpụrụ ime ka ihe ọmụma na-agba ndị na ụwa oké nsogbu.
The Institute bụ otu nọọrọ onwe ha, coeducational, naanị nyere mahadum, haziri ise Schools (ije na atụmatụ; engineering; Humanities, arts, na-elekọta mmadụ na sayensị; management; na sayensị). Ọ nwere ụfọdụ 1,000 ngalaba òtù, karịrị 11,000 Undergraduate na gụsịrị akwụkwọ na ụmụ akwụkwọ, na ihe karịrị 130,000 ndụ Alumni.
Na mgbe ya tọọ ntọala na 1861, MIT bụ agụmakwụkwọ ọhụrụ, a obodo nke aka-na nsogbu solvers na ịhụnanya na isi sayensị na ọkụ n'obi ime ka ụwa a ka mma ebe. taa, na mmụọ ka na-eduzi otú anyị ịkụziri ụmụ akwụkwọ na kampos na otú anyị enwe mmetụta ọhụrụ digital mmụta teknụzụ iji mee ka MIT na-ezi inweta ọtụtụ nde ndị na-amụ gburugburu ụwa.
MIT mmụọ nke interdisciplinary ngagharị ka ịkpatawo ọtụtụ ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị breakthroughs na nkà na ụzụ ọganihu. A atụ ole na ole: akpa chemical njikọ nke penicillin na vitamin A. Mmepe nke Rada na e kere eke nke inertial nduzi usoro. The mepụtara nke magnetik isi ebe nchekwa, nke nyeere mmepe nke dijitalụ kọmputa. Isi onyinye iji chromosome mmadụ Project. Na nchọpụta nke quarks. The mepụtara nke na kọmputa spreadsheet na nke izo ya ezo na sistemụ na-eme ka e-azụmahịa. Ihe e kere eke nke GPS. Ịsụ ụzọ 3D ebi akwụkwọ. Echiche nke ndi ịgbasa eluigwe na ala.
Ugbu nnyocha na agụmakwụkwọ ebe agụnye digital mmụta; nanotechnology; adigide ume, na gburugburu ebe obibi, ihu igwe mmegharị, na zuru ụwa ọnụ na mmiri na nri iru; Big Data, cybersecurity, robotics, na Amamịghe echiche; akpatara ụmụ mmadụ ọrịa, gụnyere ọrịa cancer, HIV, autism, Alzheimer, na dyslexia; ndu injinịa na CRISPR technology; ịda ogbenye mbelata; advanced n'ichepụta; na ọhụrụ na ndi oru itumgbere ahia.
MIT Chineke mmetụta na-agụnye ọrụ anyị Alumni. Otu ụzọ MIT na-agụsị akwụkwọ ụgbọala ọganihu bụ site n'ibu ụlọ ọrụ ndị na-anapụta echiche ọhụrụ na ụwa. A na-adịbeghị anya ọmụmụ eme atụmatụ na dị ka nke 2014, bi MIT Alumni ulo oru ihe karịrị 30,000 arụsi ọrụ ike na ụlọ ọrụ ndị, -eke 4.6 nde ọrụ na ha na Olee ihe enyemaka $1.9 enweta puku ijeri na-enwe kwa afọ revenue. e ọnụ, a “E nwere mba” bụ Ẹkot 10th-kasị aku na uba na ụwa!
Schools / Colleges / Departments / ọmụmụ / ikike iche
- School of Architecture and Planning
- School of Engineering
- School of Humanities, Arts, na Social Sciences
- Sloan School of Management
- School of Science
na 1859, a proposal was submitted to the Massachusetts General Court to use newly filled lands in Back Bay, Boston for a “Conservatory of Art and Science”, but the proposal failed. A charter for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, proposed by William Barton Rogers, was signed by the governor of Massachusetts on April 10, 1861.
Two days after the charter was issued, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MIT’s first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865. The new institute was founded as part of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to fund institutions “to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes”, and was a land-grant school. na 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. na 1866, the proceeds from land sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay.
MIT was informally called “Boston Tech”. The institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker. Programs in electrical, chemical, marine, and sanitary engineering were introduced, ọhụrụ ụlọ wuru, and the size of the student body increased to more than one thousand.
The curriculum drifted to a vocational emphasis, with less focus on theoretical science. The fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership. During these “Boston Tech” afọ, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffedHarvard University president (and former MIT faculty) Charles W. Eliot’s repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard College’s Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard. In its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding. Eventually the MIT Corporation approved a formal agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty, ụmụ akwụkwọ, and alumni. Otú ọ dị, a 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effectively put an end to the merger scheme.
na 1916, the MIT administration and the MIT charter crossed the Charles River on the ceremonial barge Bucentaur built for the occasion, to signify MIT’s move to a spacious new campus largely consisting of filled land on a mile-long tract along the Cambridge side of the Charles River. The neoclassical “New Technology” campus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded largely by anonymous donations from a mysterious “Mr. Smith”, malite na 1912. na January 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, New York, who had invented methods of film production and processing, and founded Eastman Kodak. n'etiti 1912 na 1920, Eastman donated $20 nde ($236.2 nde ke 2015 dollars) in cash and Kodak stock to MIT.
MIT has kept pace with and helped to advance the digital age. In addition to developing the predecessors to modern computing and networking technologies, ụmụ akwụkwọ, mkpara, and faculty members at Project MAC, the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and the Tech Model Railroad Club wrote some of the earliest interactive computer video games like Spacewar! and created much of modern hacker slang and culture. Several major computer-related organizations have originated at MIT since the 1980s: Richard Stallman’s GNU Project and the subsequent Free Software Foundation were founded in the mid-1980s at the AI Lab; the MIT Media Lab was founded in 1985 by Nicholas Negroponte and Jerome Wiesner to promote research into novel uses of computer technology; the World Wide Web Consortiumstandards organization was founded at the Laboratory for Computer Science in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee; the OpenCourseWare project has made course materials for over 2,000 MIT classes available online free of charge since 2002; and the One Laptop per Child initiative to expand computer education and connectivity to children worldwide was launched in 2005.
MIT was named a sea-grant college in 1976 to support its programs in oceanography and marine sciences and was named a space-grant college in 1989 to support its aeronautics and astronautics programs. Despite diminishing government financial support over the past quarter century, MIT launched several successful development campaigns to significantly expand the campus: new dormitories and athletics buildings on west campus; the Tang Center for Management Education; several buildings in the northeast corner of campus supporting research into biology, brain and cognitive sciences, genomics, biotechnology, and cancer research; and a number of new “backlot” buildings on Vassar Street including the Stata Center. Construction on campus in the 2000s included expansions of the Media Lab, the Sloan School’s eastern campus, and graduate residences in the northwest. na 2006, President Hockfield launched the MIT Energy Research Council to investigate the interdisciplinary challenges posed by increasing global energy consumption.
na 2001, inspired by the open source and open access movements, MIT launched OpenCourseWare to make the lecture notes, problem sets, syllabuses, exams, and lectures from the great majority of its courses available online for no charge, though without any formal accreditation for coursework completed. While the cost of supporting and hosting the project is high, OCW expanded in 2005 to include other universities as a part of the OpenCourseWare Consortium, which currently includes more than 250 academic institutions with content available in at least six languages. na 2011, MIT announced it would offer formal certification (but not credits or degrees) to online participants completing coursework in its “MITx” omume, for a modest fee. The “edX” online platform supporting MITx was initially developed in partnership with Harvard and its analogous “Harvardx” initiative. The courseware platform is open source, and other universities have already joined and added their own course content.
Three days after the Boston Marathon bombing of April 2013, MIT Police patrol officer Sean Collier was fatally shot by the suspects Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, setting off a violent manhunt that shut down the campus and much of the Boston metropolitan area for a day. One week later, Collier’s memorial service was attended by more than 10,000 ndị mmadụ, in a ceremony hosted by the MIT community with thousands of police officers from the New England region and Canada. on November 25, 2013, MIT announced the creation of the Collier Medal, to be awarded annually to “an individual or group that embodies the character and qualities that Officer Collier exhibited as a member of the MIT community and in all aspects of his life”. The announcement further stated that “Future recipients of the award will include those whose contributions exceed the boundaries of their profession, those who have contributed to building bridges across the community, and those who consistently and selflessly perform acts of kindness”
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