- Free University of Berlin
Free University of Berlin
Ew Free University of Berlin” is a research universitylocated in Berlin and one of the most prominent universities in Germany. It is internationally known for its research in the humanities and social sciences, û herweha di qada zanistên xwezayî û jiyana. li West Berlin di dema destpêka Şerê Sar de hate damezrandin û li Zanîngeha diçe Komunîst-kontrola Humboldt ji dayik derve, navê wê tê wateya ku rewşa West Berlin wekî beşek ji cîhana azad, ku ji bo li dijî Sovyetê-dagir “unfree” deverên derdora bajarê.
Freie Universität Berlin yek ji neh zanîngehên German qezenc di Însiyatîfa Excellence German Zanîngeha bû, a pêşbirka neteweyî ya ji bo zanîngehan ku ji aliyê hikûmeta federal German. Bidestxistina cûdahiyeke ji bo pênc programên doktorî, sê komikan lêkolîn dîsiplîner (hin ji wan bi hevkariyê di gel yên din zanîngehan) û stratejiya sazûmanî giştî xwe wekî“Zanîngeha Navnetewî Network”, Freie Universität Berlin yek ji zanîngehên herî serkeftî ya li destpêşxeriya e.
de bi salan 1968, 1990, û 2007 mark zivirî xalên di dîroka Freie Universität. Li zanîngehê yek ji qadên navendî li Almanyayê ji bo xwepêşandanên xwendevanan yên di salên 1960'î de bû, tevgereke ku meyla ber bi vebûnê mezintir niqaşan,, wekhevî, û demokrasiyê.
Paşan, piştî yekbûna Almanyayê di 1990, Freie Universität Berlin guhert, bibiryarbûna xwe, zêdebûna çalakiyên lêkolînên xwe. Hejmara kesên derçûyên, namzetên doktorayê serkeftî, û weşanên bi destê pîvana girîng şîn. Bingehê ji bo nêzîkbûna nû ya serkeftî zanîngehê rêze reformên bingehîn bû, di nav wan de pêşgotineke ji strukturên management modern li rêveberiya zanîngehê, sereka ya di beşa, û bikaranîna fona ji bo piştgiriya armancên taybet.
Li 2007, Freie Universität Berlin di Însiyatîfa Excellence bi hev re ji aliyê hikûmeta federal German klîpe û hikûmetên dewletên federal hat hilbijartin. Ev yek ji neh li Almanya bistîne cihêtî di hemû sê xetên daynin bû, gaveke ku li zanîngeha serbest xurtkirina û bêtir firehtir helwesta xwe wekî "zanîngehê tora navnetewî." Di 2012 di dema gera fona duyemîn a Însiyatîfa Excellence, ew dîsa yek ji yanzdeh zanîngehên bilîmetiyê li Almanya hate hilbijartin û niha.
dibistanên / Colleges / Departments / kursên / fakulteyên
- Jîyanzanî, Şîmya, Dermanxane
- Karsazî û Aborîyê
- Zanistên Earth
- Education and Psychology
- History and Cultural Studies
- Matematîk û Computer Science
- Derman (sedeqe – Univ.medizin Berlin)
- Philosophy and Humanities
- Zanistên Siyasî û Civakî
- Medicine Veterinary
Freie Universität Berlin was established by students and scholars on 4 Berfanbar 1948. The foundation is strongly connected to the beginning of the Cold War period. The University of Berlin was located in the former Soviet sector of Berlin and was granted permission to continue teaching by the Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SMAD) di çileya 1946. The universities were increasingly influenced by communism as they were ground for the political disputes of the postwar period. This led to protests by students critical of the prevailing system. Navber 1945 û 1948, zêdetir ji 18 students were arrested or persecuted, some even executed by the soviet secret police (NKVD).
Di dawiya 1947, first students demanded a university free from political influence. The climax of the protests was reached on 23 Avrêl 1948: after three students were expelled from the university without a trial, ji dor 2,000 students protested at the Hotel Esplanade. By the end of April, the governor of the United States Army Lucius D. Clay gave the order to legally check for the formation of a new university in the western sectors. Li 19 Pûşper 1948 ew “preparatory committee for establishing a free university” consisting of politicians, mamostayên, administrative staff members and students, met. With a manifesto titled “Request for establishing a free university in Berlin” the committee appealed to the public for support. The municipal authorities of Berlin granted the foundation of a free university and requested the opening for the coming winter semester 1948/49. Di vê navberê de, the students committee in the German Democratic Republic protested against the formation, the GDR described the new university as the “so-called free university” in official documents until the fall of the Berlin Wall.
The Council-manager government accepted the by-law on 4 Mijdar 1948. The by-law achieved prominence under its alias “the Berlin model”: Freie Universität was founded as a statutory corporation (Körperschaft des öffentlichen Rechts) and was not directly subjected to the state, as it was controlled by a supervisory board consisting of six representatives of the state of Berlin, three representatives of the university and students. This form was unique in Germany at that time, as the students had much more influence on the system than before. But until the 1970s, the involvement of the students in the committees was slowly cut back while adapting to the model of the western German universities in order to be fully recognized as an equivalent university. Li 15 Mijdar 1948, the first lectures were held in the buildings of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of Science. The actual foundation took place on 4 Berfanbar 1948 in the Titania palace, the film theater with the biggest hall available in the western sectors of Berlin. Attendants of the event were not only scientists, siyasetmedarên (the Governing Mayor Ernst Reuter amongst others) û xwendekarên, but also representatives of American universities, nav wan de Zanîngeha Stanford û li zanîngeha Yale. The first elected president of the FU Berlin was the historian Friedrich Meinecke.
Li 1949, Freie Universität already registered 4,946 xwendekarên. Until the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, many students came from the soviet sector, often supported through the “Währungsstipendium” of the senate.
Li 26 Pûşper 1963, the same day he held his famous Ich bin ein Berliner speech at Rathaus Schöneberg, John F. Kennedywas awarded honorary citizen by the Freie Universität and held a ceremonial speech in front of the Henry Ford building in which he addressed the future of Berlin and Germany under the consideration of the motto of the FU. Amongst the attendant crowd are also the Governing Mayor of Berlin Willy Brandt and the Chancellor of Germany Konrad Adenauer.His brother, Robert F. Kennedy visited Freie Universität in 1962 for the first time and in June 1964 for receiving his honorary degree from the Beşê Felsefê. The speech he held at the event was dedicated to John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated just the year before.
Di dawîya salên 1960ê de, Freie Universität was one of the main scenes of the German student movement of 68 as a reaction to the global student protests during that time. After the assassination of student Benno Ohnesorg and the attempt on Rudi Dutschke’s life, protests quickly escalated to violence in all of Germany. The events of the 68-movement provided the impulse for more openness, wekhevî, and democracy in German society.
During the 1970s and the 1980s, the university became a “Massenuniversität” (mass/mega university) bi 50,298 registered students in 1983. After reunification, Freie Universität was the second largest university in Germany (after the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) bi 62,072 students in the winter term of 1991/92. Shortly thereafter, the senate of Berlin decided to drastically reduce the places until 2003, the number of students shrank to 43,885 in the winter term of 2002/03. Ji ber ku 2000, the Freie Universität Berlin has revamped itself. The university’s research performance increased markedly with regard to the number of graduates, PhDs granted, and publications. Underlying this successful trend were fundamental reforms such as the introduction of modern management systems in the administration, a reorganization of the departments, and an efficient utilization of resources. The Prognos AG, the renowned economic consulting corporation founded by the University of Basel, Swîsre, presented Freie Universität with an award for its good entrepreneurial principles.During the 1970s and the 1980s, the university became a “Massenuniversität” (mass/mega university) bi 50,298 registered students in 1983. After reunification, Freie Universität was the second largest university in Germany (after the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) bi 62,072 students in the winter term of 1991/92. Shortly thereafter, the senate of Berlin decided to drastically reduce the places until 2003, the number of students shrank to 43,885 in the winter term of 2002/03. Ji ber ku 2000, the Freie Universität Berlin has revamped itself. The university’s research performance increased markedly with regard to the number of graduates, PhDs granted, and publications. Underlying this successful trend were fundamental reforms such as the introduction of modern management systems in the administration, a reorganization of the departments, and an efficient utilization of resources. The Prognos AG, the renowned economic consulting corporation founded by the University of Basel, Swîsre, presented Freie Universität with an award for its good entrepreneurial principles.
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