Humboldt University ntawm Berlin

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Humboldt tsev kawm ntawv uas paub meej Berlin

Qhov ua npe zwm rau Humboldt University ntawm Berlin

Saib ib muag


Tus Humboldt University ntawm Berlin yog ib tus Berlin hiob tebchaws, founded rau 15 Lub kaum hli ntuj 1810 li cov Tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Berlin (Universität zu Berlin) los ntawm tas mas kev reformer Prussian thiab linguistWilhelm von Humboldt, uas tsev kawm ntawv hom twb xav tau luag licas thiab lwm yam nyob sab Europe thiab Western tebchaws. Ntawm 1828 Nws yog hu ua tus Frederick William University (Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität), thiab tom qab (unofficially) kuj ua rau Universität unter qhoc chaw nkaum Linden tom qab nws cov chaw hauv cov qub palace ntawm tub huabtais Henry Prussia (1726–1802) uas nws cov tij laug, Vaj ntxwv Frederick II, tau ua rau nws ntawm 1748 thiab 1753 rau qhov avenue Unter qhoc chaw nkaum Linden. Nyob rau hauv 1949, nws hloov nws lub npe rau Humboldt-Universität nyob rau hauv honour ntawm nws cov founder Wilhelm thiab nws cov kwv tij, Alexander von Humboldt geographer. Nyob rau hauv 2012, Humboldt University of Berlin nws yog ib tug ntawm kaum ib German tebchaws los yeej muaj nyob rau hauv tus German tebchaws Excellence teg num, ib lub teb chaws sib txeeb rau tebchaws los German tseem fwv. Lub tsev kawm ntawv muaj kev txawj ntse 29 Nqi zog Nobel winners thiab yog xav rau ib lub tebchaws prestigious tseem nyob teb chaws Europe seem as well as yog ib lub tebchaws mas prestigious thoob ntiaj teb kev kawm Askiv thiab humanities.

Peb yog delighted tias koj yeej xav kawm nyob rau Humboldt-Universität rau ib semester los yog ib xyoos. Ntau haiv neeg lus paub thiab variations hauv kev qhia lawv yog qhov tseem ceeb rau lub tswv yim tus Humboldtian ntawm kev kawm ntawv. International menyuam kawm ntawv uas xav kom siv rau thaum kawg ntawm Humboldt-Universitaet los tau sau npe rau ib tug kawm ntawv no yeej tseem txais tos. Lawv ua lawv txoj kev kawm ntawv tshaj lij thiab thoob ntiaj teb kom muaj lub rooj sab laj kev kawm kev xaav, muab cov kawm Humboldt caij nyoog yuav tsum paub txog lwm yam kev kawm thiab lwm haiv neeg nyob rau hauv kev kawm ntawv. Peb cov convinced uas koj yuav tau mus cuag cov kev kawm hauj lwm tshwm sim koj npaj tawm mus kom lub ob tuaj thiab kawm thaum absorbing paub tias txoj kev Humboldt.

Thov nqa ntawv tus me nyuam kawm ntawv thoob ntiaj teb uas yog tsis ib feem ntawm qhov kev pab cuam txauv thiab tsis tuav ib tug ntawv los ntawm ib qho chaw funder, yuav tsuas tau txais raws li tus menyuam kawm ntawv uas tsis kawm ntawv zaum exceptional.

Cov nram qab no webpages mam teb cov lus nug ntau thiab taw-tes rau cov kev qhia txog. Rau cov uas xav tau tus txheej txheem cej luam hais txog qhov kev kawm pab lus Askiv nyob rau ntawm lub semester ntawd tam sim no, tus snapshot yuav nyob ntawm no.

 

Tsev kawm ntawv / Qib siab / Saib xyuas / Kev kawm / Faculties


  • Kws qhia ntawv txog txoj cai
  • Kws qhia ntawv kawm zauv thiab Natural Sciences (Geography, Lub computer Science, Kev kawm txog zauv, Science News for KIDS, Physics)
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Life Sciences (Ua liaj/teb thiab Horticulture, Ib, Psychology)
  • Charité – Berlin University tshuaj
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Philosophy kuv (Philosophy, Keeb kwm, Nyob sab Europe Ethnology, Koom cov ntawv thiab ntaub ntawv kev kawm)
  • Kws qhia ntawv ntawm Philosophy II (Ntawv nyeem, Linguistics, Kev tshawb Scandinavian, Romance literatures, Kev tshawb fawb kawm lus Askiv thiab Miskas, Kev tshawb fawb Slavic, Classical Philology)
  • Kws qhia ntawv Humanities thiab Social Sciences (Social Sciences, Kev cai cov kev tshawb fawb/Arts, Kev tshawb fawb Asian/African (nrog Archeology), Kev tshawb fawb los ntawm tub los ntxhais, Kev kawm kev ua si nawv, RehabilitationStudies, Kev kawm, Kev tswj kev kawm ntawv)
  • Kws qhia ntawv txog Theology
  • Kws qhia ntawv Economics thiab ua lag ua luam no

Keeb kwm


nws thawj semester nyob rau lub tsev kawm ntawv Berlin tshiab khiv founded tshwm sim 1810 nrog 256 me nyuam kawm ntawv thiab 52 lecturers hauv faculties ntawm txoj cai lij choj, tshuaj, theology thiab philosophy hauv rector Theodor Schmalz. Lub tsev kawm ntawv lawm rau ntau lub teb chaws Yelemees tus loj tshaj thinkers ntawm ob lub centuries dhau los tsev, ntawm lawv cov subjective idealist philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, tsis idealist philosopher G.W.F. Hegel, tus Romantic raws li txoj cai theorist Friedrich Carl von Savigny, cov pessimist philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, tsoom idealist philosopher Friedrich Schelling, kev cai critic Walter Benjamin, thiab nto moo physicists Albert Einstein thiab Max Planck. Cov founders Marxist ziag Karl Marx thiab Friedrich Engels kawm lub tsev kawm ntawv, Thaum twg poet Heinrich Heine, novelist Alfred Döblin, founder ntawm structuralism Ferdinand de Saussure, German unifier Otto von Bismarck, Communist tog ntawm lub teb chaws Yelemees founder Karl Liebknecht, Neeg Asmeskas Dub yias Africanist W. E. B. Du Bois thiab nyob sab Europe unifier Robert Schuman, as Well as tus influential kws phais Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach nyob ib nrab thaum ntxov ntawm tus 1800s. Yog lub tsev kawm ntawv mus tsev 29 Nqi zog Nobel winners.

Tus qauv ntawm tus German research-intensive tebchaws, xws li Humboldt, kev ua ib tug qauv rau hauv tsev li Tsev kawm ntawv Hopkins Johns. Ntxiv, nws twb tau thov lawm uas “cov ' Humboldtian’ tsev kawm ntawv los ua ib tug qauv rau tas cov teb chaws Europe nrog nws cov cai hais hab txhawb tau kev pab qhia ntawv thiab kev soj ntsuam nyob hauv lub chaw ua hauj lwm ntawm tus kws ntawv uas ib tug neeg los yog tus paub txog.”

Ntxiv rau qhov muaj zog anchoring ntawm yaam kws tshuaj, xws li kev kawm, txoj cai, philosophy, keeb kwm, theology thiab tshuaj, Berlin University kom encompass heev heev kev disciplines tshiab. Alexander von Humboldt, yawm dab tus founder William, nce cov kev kawm tshiab. Nrog tus siv cov kev tshawb fawb hom tshiab cov vaj tse rau cov ib nrab ob puv 19 xyoo pua qhia ntawv qhov natural sciences pib. Cov soj ntsuam ntawm nto moo, xws li tus chemist lub yim hli ntuj Wilhelm Hofmann, cov physicist Hermann von Helmholtz, hauv daim ntawv thom nug Ernst Eduard Kummer, Leopold Kronecker,Karl Weierstrass, tus kws kho mob Johannes Peter Müller, Albrecht von Graefe, Rudolf Virchow andRobert Koch, contributed rau Berlin University kev koob meej.

Thaum lub sij hawm no o, Berlin University txhab maj mus teeb rau lwm yam txawv yav tas los qib siab nyob Berlin. Ib qho piv txwv yuav cov Charité, lub Pépinière thiab rau lub Collegium Medico-chirurgicum. Nyob rau hauv 1717, Vaj ntxwv Friedrich kuv tau los ua ib kev cais tawm lub tsev kab mob plague tom lub rooj vag nroog, uas nyob rau hauv 1727 rechristened los ntawm cov “vaj ntxwv peeb zeej” Friedrich Wilhelm: “Lawv soll das Haus tuag Charité heißen” (Nws yuav muab hu ua Charité [Fabkis rau ntsoos]). Los ntawm 1829 cov kawm ntawv pib Berlin University campus kho thiab tseem nyob li ntawd mus txog 1927 Thaum twg rau lub tsev khomob University ntau niaj hnub raug ua lub tsev.

Berlin University pib noog natural history 1810, uas, los ntawm 1889 yuav tsum tau ib kem tsev thiab ua lub tsev khaws puav pheej für Naturkunde. Qhov lub tsev kawm ntawv Tierarznei preexisting, founded hauv 1790 thiab absorbed los ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv, nyob rau hauv 1934 ua lub hauv paus ntawm lub chaw tu koj cov tshuaj Veterinary (Grundstock ua dawb Veterinärmedizinischen Fakultät). Thiab cov Landwirtschaftliche Hochschule Berlin (Agricultural University ntawm Berlin), founded hauv 1881 yog affiliated nrog tus Agricultural Faculties rau tsev kawm ntawv.

Tom qab 1933, ib yam li cov tebchaws German, Nws yog cuam tshuam dab tsi rau regime Nazi. Rector lub caij no yog Eugen Fischer. Nws yog los ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv ntawd ib txhia 20,000 phau ntawv los ntawm “degenerates” thiab tw ntawm tus regime lawv coj mus yuav kub tuag saum ntuj 10 xyoo nyob rau lub Opernplatz (tam sim no lub Bebelplatz) kev tiv thaiv los ntawm tus SA featured hais lus ib los Joseph Goebbels kuj ua qauv qhia. Ib lub monument rau no tam sim no muaj nyob rau hauv qhov chaw ntawm lub xwmfab, hom iav huam mus ib underground dawb chav uas khoob txee chaw rau cov 20,000 tagnrho thiab ib cov quav hniav, bearing ib epigraph ntawm ib 1820 ua hauj lwm los ntawm Heinrich Heine: “Das rog ein Vorspiel nur, dort wo txiv neej Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt txiv neej yog Ende auch Menschen” (“Qhov no yog tiam sis ib prelude; qhov twg lawv hlawv ntawv, lawv kawg hlawv tib neeg”).

Txoj cai rau cov Restoration pab Civil kev (German “Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung tej kev Berufsbeamtentums”) ua rau 250 Yudais professors thiab cov neeg ua haujlwm los yog raug rho tawm haujlwm thaum 1933/1934 thiab heev heev doctorates tsis tau. Kawm thiab scholars thoj tw ntawm Nazis los tso rau ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv thiab ntau deported. Thaum lub sijhawm no ze li ntawm ib feem peb ntawm tag nrho cov neeg ua hauj lwm tau raug rho tawm haujlwm los ntawm cov Nazis.

Soviet tub rog coj hauv lub teb chaws Yelemees (SMAD) yuam kom them (Befehl-Nr. 4) cov lus qhib rau tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau lub ib hlis ntuj 1946. Cov SMAD xav tau ib tug redesigned Berlin University raws tus qauv Soviet, tiam sis lawv insisted rau lub phrasing “tshiab khiv qhib” thiab tsis “rov qhib” rau lwm yam thoj. Thawj coj ntawm lub German Central tswj xeeb National (DZVV), Paul Wandel, nws qhov chaw nyob ntawm lub ib hlis ntuj 29, 1946, qhib ceremony, Txawm hais tias: “Kuv sab plhu laug rau ntawm cov lus qhib, thiab ntawm qhov rov qhib rau tsev kawm ntawv tsis. Berlin lub tsev kawm ntawv yuav tsum muaj pib dua rau yuav luag txhua txoj kev. Koj tau ua ntej koj qhov duab rau tsev kawm ntawv qub. Dab tsi tshua txog tias yog nought tab sis ruins.” Yog qhia ntawv tag rau xya tuam tsev ua hauj lwm reopened, vaj tse puas ntsoog ua tsov ua rog, with many of the teachers dead or missing. Txawm li cas los, by the winter semester of 1946, the Economic and Educational Sciences Faculty had re-opened.

The Workers and Peasants Faculty (German: Arbeiter-und-Bauern-Fakultät) (ABF), an education program aimed at young men who, due to political or racial reasons, had been disadvantaged under the Nazis, was established at the university during this time. This program existed at Berlin University until 1962.


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