- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology o se faalapotopotoga tumaoti ua faavaeina i 1861.
Pili totogi i Massachusetts Institute of Technology e $48,000 (Aprox.).
o lo oi tautino i Cambridge, Massachusetts, across the Charles River from downtown Boston. Na e manaomia freshmen tamaiti o le vasega e ola i luga o le lotoa, ae e uiga i 70 pasene o tamaiti o le vasega e filifili e tumau i luga o le lotoa i le taimi o lo latou le fa tausaga. ofoina tautino fale i se tasi o le dorms coolest i le atunuu, e masani ona taʻua o “O le omomi,” fuafuaina ai e le tusiata o Steven Holl. mitamita e sili atu le Inisinia tautino nai lo 30 au NCAA Vaega III, ma o latou mascot o se piva, lea e filifili tautino ona o lona “inisinia ofoofogia ma tomai masini ma ona mausa o le galue malosi.” fuafuaga vasega taitasi se mama tulaga ese ua taua o le “apamemea isumu” ua faaalia mai i le taimi o tausaga sophomore, se tu masani e faapea o aso e toe foi atu 1929.
taulai atu tautino i luga o suesuega faasaienisi ma tekinolosi ma ua vaevaeina i ni aoga e lima ma le kolisi se tasi. Among its graduate schools are the highly ranked School of Engineering andSloan School of Management, e faaopoopo atu i polokalame malolosi i le tamaoaiga, mataupu tau le mafaufau, piolosi, kemisiri, faasaienisi lalolagi, fisiki ma le matematika. sili e masani ua Suesuega tupe faaalu i le tautino $650 miliona i tausaga taitasi, ma faatupeina sau mai lala sooupu a le Malo e pei o le Matagaluega o le Soifua Maloloina ma Tagata o Auaunaga ma le Matagaluega o le Puipuiga. le “Polokalama Gaoioiga Tutoatasi,” se vaitaimi e fa vaiaso i le va o le pau ma le tautotogo semesa ia Ianuari, ofoina vasega faapitoa, tautalaga, tauvaga ma galuega faatino. alumni lauiloa e aofia ai Apolo 11 asironatu ū Aldrin, muamua U.N. Failautusi Aoao Kofi Annan ma Feterale Faletupe Reserve Taitaifono Ben Bernanke.
O le misiona o le Inisetiute o Tekonolosi Massachusetts o le alualu ai i luma le poto ma le aoaoina o le vasega i le faasaienisi, tekinolosi, ma isi vaega o sikolasipi o le a auauna atu e sili ona lelei le atunuu ma le lalolagi i le seneturi lona 21. ua tulia foi ona tatou aumaia le malamalama e tuu atu ai i luitau tele o le lalolagi.
O le Faalapotopotoga o se tutoatasi, coeducational, faalilolilo faaeeina iunivesite, faatulagaina i Aoga lima (tusiata fale ma le fuafuaina; inisinia; humanities, faatufugaga, ma le faasaienisi lautele; pulega; ma le saienisi). O loo i ai nisi 1,000 faiaoga tagata, sili atu 11,000 malaga ma tamaiti o le vasega faauu, ma e sili atu 130,000 ola alumni.
I lona faavaeina i 1861, Tautino o se fou faaleaoaoga, se nuu o le lima-i solvers faafitauli i le alofa ma le faasaienisi faavae ma naunau e faia le lalolagi o se nofoaga sili atu ona lelei. i le asō, lena agaga taialaina pea le auala tatou te aoaoina tamaiti o le vasega i luga o lotoa ma le auala tatou faafuaitino ai tekinolosi fou faaleaoaoga faafuainumera e faia tautino aoaoina maua e le faitau miliona o tagata o loo aoaoina i le lalolagi atoa.
le agaga o le tautino o sailiiliga interdisciplinary ua faaosoina tele breakthroughs faasaienisi ma aitalafu faatekinolosi. O ni nai faataitaiga: le tuufaatasia vailaau muamua o penisilini ma vitamini A. O le atinae o rata ma foafoaga o faiga inertial taitaiga. Le mauaga o manatu autu maneta, lea na mafai ai le atinae o komepiuta faafuainumera. saofaga Major i le Galuega Faatino o Tagata Genome. O le mauaina o quarks. Le mauaga o le spreadsheet faaeletoroni ma o faiga encryption lea e mafai ai e-pisinisi. O le foafoaga o le GPS. lomitusi paeonia 3D. O le mataupu o le aoao o le faalauteleina.
suesuega i le taimi nei ma vaega o aoaoga e aofia ai le aoaoina faafuainumera; nanotechnology; malosi gafataulimaina, le siosiomaga, fetuunaiga tau, ma le vai o le lalolagi ma le saogalemu meaai; Big Faamatalaga, cybersecurity, robotics, ma le atamai faafoliga; soifua maloloina o tagata, e aofia ai le kanesa, HIV, vaivai o laʻua mafaufau, o le Alzheimer, ma dyslexia; inisinia moni ma tekonolosi CRISPR; mativa alleviation; gaosiga maualuluga; ma le fou ma entrepreneurship.
a aafiaga tautino foi e aofia ai le galuega a lo tatou alumni. O se tasi auala tulia faauu tautino alualu i luma e ala i le amata kamupani e tuuina atu ni manatu fou i le lalolagi. O se suesuega talu ai nei fuafaatatau e avea o 2014, ua faalauiloa atili ola alumni tautino nai lo 30,000 kamupani toaaga, le foafoaina o 4.6 miliona galuega ma faatupuina pe tusa lea ma $1.9 trillion i tupe maua faaletausaga. faia faatasi, lea “MA atunuu” e tutusa ma le tamaoaiga tele-10 i le lalolagi!
aoga / kolisi / matagaluega / vasega / mafaufau
- School of Architecture and Planning
- Aoga a Engineering
- Aoga a Humanities, Arts, ma le faasaienisi Social
- Sloan School of Management
- Aoga a Saienisi
i 1859, a proposal was submitted to the Massachusetts General Court to use newly filled lands in Back Bay, Boston for a “Conservatory of Art and Science”, but the proposal failed. A charter for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, proposed by William Barton Rogers, was signed by the governor of Massachusetts on April 10, 1861.
Two days after the charter was issued, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MIT’s first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865. The new institute was founded as part of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to fund institutions “to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes”, and was a land-grant school. i 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. i 1866, the proceeds from land sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay.
MIT was informally called “Boston Tech”. The institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker. Programs in electrical, vailāʻau, marine, and sanitary engineering were introduced, na fausia fale fou, and the size of the student body increased to more than one thousand.
The curriculum drifted to a vocational emphasis, with less focus on theoretical science. The fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership. During these “Boston Tech” tausaga, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffedHarvard University president (and former MIT faculty) Charles W. Eliot’s repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard College’s Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard. In its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding. Eventually the MIT Corporation approved a formal agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty, tamaiti o le vasega, and alumni. Ae peitai, se 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effectively put an end to the merger scheme.
i 1916, the MIT administration and the MIT charter crossed the Charles River on the ceremonial barge Bucentaur built for the occasion, to signify MIT’s move to a spacious new campus largely consisting of filled land on a mile-long tract along the Cambridge side of the Charles River. The neoclassical “New Technology” campus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded largely by anonymous donations from a mysterious “Mr. Smith”, e amata i le 1912. i Ianuari 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, Niu ioka, who had invented methods of film production and processing, and founded Eastman Kodak. i le va o 1912 ma 1920, Eastman donated $20 miliona ($236.2 miliona i le 2015 tala) in cash and Kodak stock to MIT.
MIT has kept pace with and helped to advance the digital age. In addition to developing the predecessors to modern computing and networking technologies, tamaiti o le vasega, aufaigāluega, and faculty members at Project MAC, the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and the Tech Model Railroad Club wrote some of the earliest interactive computer video games like Spacewar! and created much of modern hacker slang and culture. Several major computer-related organizations have originated at MIT since the 1980s: Richard Stallman’s GNU Project and the subsequent Free Software Foundation were founded in the mid-1980s at the AI Lab; the MIT Media Lab was founded in 1985 by Nicholas Negroponte and Jerome Wiesner to promote research into novel uses of computer technology; the World Wide Web Consortiumstandards organization was founded at the Laboratory for Computer Science in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee; the OpenCourseWare project has made course materials for over 2,000 MIT classes available online free of charge since 2002; and the One Laptop per Child initiative to expand computer education and connectivity to children worldwide was launched in 2005.
MIT was named a sea-grant college in 1976 to support its programs in oceanography and marine sciences and was named a space-grant college in 1989 to support its aeronautics and astronautics programs. Despite diminishing government financial support over the past quarter century, MIT launched several successful development campaigns to significantly expand the campus: new dormitories and athletics buildings on west campus; the Tang Center for Management Education; several buildings in the northeast corner of campus supporting research into biology, brain and cognitive sciences, genomics, biotechnology, and cancer research; and a number of new “backlot” buildings on Vassar Street including the Stata Center. Construction on campus in the 2000s included expansions of the Media Lab, the Sloan School’s eastern campus, and graduate residences in the northwest. i 2006, President Hockfield launched the MIT Energy Research Council to investigate the interdisciplinary challenges posed by increasing global energy consumption.
i 2001, inspired by the open source and open access movements, MIT launched OpenCourseWare to make the lecture notes, problem sets, syllabuses, exams, and lectures from the great majority of its courses available online for no charge, though without any formal accreditation for coursework completed. While the cost of supporting and hosting the project is high, OCW expanded in 2005 to include other universities as a part of the OpenCourseWare Consortium, which currently includes more than 250 academic institutions with content available in at least six languages. i 2011, MIT announced it would offer formal certification (but not credits or degrees) to online participants completing coursework in its “MITx” polokalama, for a modest fee. le “edX” online platform supporting MITx was initially developed in partnership with Harvard and its analogous “Harvardx” initiative. The courseware platform is open source, and other universities have already joined and added their own course content.
Three days after the Boston Marathon bombing of April 2013, MIT Police patrol officer Sean Collier was fatally shot by the suspects Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, setting off a violent manhunt that shut down the campus and much of the Boston metropolitan area for a day. One week later, Collier’s memorial service was attended by more than 10,000 tagata, in a ceremony hosted by the MIT community with thousands of police officers from the New England region and Canada. i Novema 25, 2013, MIT announced the creation of the Collier Medal, to be awarded annually to “an individual or group that embodies the character and qualities that Officer Collier exhibited as a member of the MIT community and in all aspects of his life”. The announcement further stated that “Future recipients of the award will include those whose contributions exceed the boundaries of their profession, those who have contributed to building bridges across the community, and those who consistently and selflessly perform acts of kindness”
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