- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology nyaéta lembaga swasta nu diadegkeun dina 1861.
waragad SPP di Massachusetts Institute of Technology anu $48,000 (Aprox.).
MIT aya di Cambridge, Massachusetts, across the Charles River from downtown Boston. Ngan siswa freshmen anu diperlukeun pikeun hirup dina kampus, tapi ngeunaan 70 persén murid milih tetep dina kampus salila opat taun maranéhanana. MIT nawarkeun perumahan di salah sahiji dorms coolest di nagara, ilahar disebut “nu bolu,” dirancang ku arsiték Steven Holl. Nu MIT Insinyur boast leuwih ti 30 tim NCAA Divisi III, jeung maskot maranéhanana nyaéta Beaver a, nu MIT milih alatan anak “rékayasa luar biasa jeung skill mékanis jeung kabiasaan miboga industri.” Unggal kelas desain cingcin unik disebut “Kuningan Rat” anu kaungkap salila sataun sophomore, tradisi nu balik deui ka 1929.
MIT museurkeun kana panalungtikan ilmiah jeung téhnologis sarta dibagi kana lima sakola jeung hiji kuliah. Among its graduate schools are the highly ranked School of Engineering andSloan School of Management, salian program kuat dina ékonomi, Psikologi, biologi, elmu kimia, élmu bumi, fisika jeung matematika. expenditures panalungtikan di MIT geus ilaharna ngaleuwihan $650 juta unggal taun, jeung waragad datang ti instansi pamaréntah saperti Dinas Kaséhatan and Services manusa jeung Departemen Pertahanan. nu “Program Kagiatan bebas,” istilah opat minggu antara ragrag jeung spring semesters dina Januari, nawarkeun kursus-kursus husus, ceramah, kompetisi jeung proyék. alumni dibédakeun antarana Apollo 11 Astronot buzz Aldrin, urut U.N. Sekretaris Jenderal Kofi Annan jeung Pupuhu Federal Reserve Bank Ben Bernanke.
Misi tina Massachusetts Institute of Technology pikeun maju pangaweruh jeung ngadidik siswa dina élmu, teknologi, sarta wewengkon séjén beasiswa nu pangalusna bakal ngawula ka bangsa jeung dunya dina abad 21. Urang ogé disetir mawa pangaweruh ka tega dina tantangan gede di dunya.
Nu Institute mangrupakeun independent, coeducational, universitas pribadi endowed, diayakeun kana lima Sakola (arsitéktur jeung tata; rékayasa; humaniora, seni, jeung élmu sosial; manajemén; jeung élmu). Cai mibanda sababaraha 1,000 anggota dosen, langkung ti 11,000 sarjana jeung lulusan siswa, jeung leuwih ti 130,000 alumni hirup.
Dina ngadegna dina 1861, MIT ieu hiji inovasi atikan, a masarakat leungeun-on solvers masalah cinta jeung élmu fundamental jeung hayang pisan nyieun dunya tempat hade. Dinten ieu, sumanget anu masih nungtun kumaha urang ngadidik siswa di kampus jeung kumaha we bentukna téknologi learning digital anyar nyieun MIT ngajarkeun diaksés ka jutaan peserta didik di sakuliah dunya.
sumanget MIT ngeunaan Éksplorasi interdisciplinary geus ngalarti loba breakthroughs ilmiah jeung kamajuan téhnologis. Sababaraha conto: sintésis bahan kimia munggaran pénisilin jeung vitamin A. Perkembangan radar jeung nyiptakeun sistem hidayah inersial. Nu penemuan memori inti magnét, nu diaktipkeun perkembangan komputer digital. kontribusi utama ka Project Human Genome. Kapanggihna quark. Nu penemuan tina spreadsheet éléktronik jeung sistem enkripsi nu ngaktifkeun e-commerce. Kreasi GPS. percetakan Pioneering 3D. Konsep alam semesta ngembangna.
panalungtikan jeung atikan wewengkon Wayah antarana learning digital; nanotéhnologi; énergi sustainable, lingkungan, adaptasi iklim, jeung cai sarta kadaharan kaamanan global; Data Big, cybersecurity, robotics, jeung kecerdasan jieunan; kaséhatan manusa, kaasup kanker, HIV, autis, Alzheimer, jeung dyslexia; rékayasa biologis jeung téknologi CRISPR; alleviation kamiskinan; manufaktur maju; jeung inovasi jeung kewirausahaan.
dampak MIT urang ogé ngawengku karya alumni urang. Hiji cara lulusan MIT ngajalankeun kamajuan ku pausahaan dimimitian nu nganteurkeun gagasan anyar ka dunya. A ulikan anyar ngira-ngira yén sakumaha dina 2014, hirup alumni MIT geus dibuka leuwih ti 30,000 pausahaan aktip, nyiptakeun 4.6 juta jobs jeung generating kasarna $1.9 triliun di sharing taunan. dicokot babarengan, ieu “jeung bangsa” sarua jeung 10-panggedena ekonomi di dunya!
sakola / akademi / departemén / kursus / fakultas
- School of Architecture and Planning
- Sakola Téknik
- Sakola Kamanusaan, Seni, sarta Élmu Pengetahuan Sosial
- Sloan School of Management
- Sakola Élmu
Di 1859, a proposal was submitted to the Massachusetts General Court to use newly filled lands in Back Bay, Boston for a “Conservatory of Art and Science”, but the proposal failed. A charter for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, proposed by William Barton Rogers, was signed by the governor of Massachusetts on April 10, 1861.
Two days after the charter was issued, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MIT’s first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865. The new institute was founded as part of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to fund institutions “to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes”, and was a land-grant school. Di 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Di 1866, the proceeds from land sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay.
MIT was informally called “Boston Tech”. The institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker. Programs in electrical, kimia, marine, and sanitary engineering were introduced, wangunan anyar diwangun, and the size of the student body increased to more than one thousand.
The curriculum drifted to a vocational emphasis, with less focus on theoretical science. The fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership. During these “Boston Tech” taun, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffedHarvard University president (and former MIT faculty) Charles W. Eliot’s repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard College’s Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard. In its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding. Eventually the MIT Corporation approved a formal agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty, siswa, and alumni. Sanajan, a 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effectively put an end to the merger scheme.
Di 1916, the MIT administration and the MIT charter crossed the Charles River on the ceremonial barge Bucentaur built for the occasion, to signify MIT’s move to a spacious new campus largely consisting of filled land on a mile-long tract along the Cambridge side of the Charles River. The neoclassical “New Technology” campus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded largely by anonymous donations from a mysterious “Bapa. Smith”, dimimitian di 1912. dina Januari 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, York énggal, who had invented methods of film production and processing, and founded Eastman Kodak. Antawis 1912 jeung 1920, Eastman donated $20 juta ($236.2 juta di 2015 dollar) in cash and Kodak stock to MIT.
MIT has kept pace with and helped to advance the digital age. In addition to developing the predecessors to modern computing and networking technologies, siswa, pagawe, and faculty members at Project MAC, the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and the Tech Model Railroad Club wrote some of the earliest interactive computer video games like Spacewar! and created much of modern hacker slang and culture. Several major computer-related organizations have originated at MIT since the 1980s: Richard Stallman’s GNU Project and the subsequent Free Software Foundation were founded in the mid-1980s at the AI Lab; the MIT Media Lab was founded in 1985 by Nicholas Negroponte and Jerome Wiesner to promote research into novel uses of computer technology; the World Wide Web Consortiumstandards organization was founded at the Laboratory for Computer Science in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee; the OpenCourseWare project has made course materials for over 2,000 MIT classes available online free of charge since 2002; and the One Laptop per Child initiative to expand computer education and connectivity to children worldwide was launched in 2005.
MIT was named a sea-grant college in 1976 to support its programs in oceanography and marine sciences and was named a space-grant college in 1989 to support its aeronautics and astronautics programs. Despite diminishing government financial support over the past quarter century, MIT launched several successful development campaigns to significantly expand the campus: new dormitories and athletics buildings on west campus; the Tang Center for Management Education; several buildings in the northeast corner of campus supporting research into biology, brain and cognitive sciences, genomics, biotéhnologi, and cancer research; and a number of new “backlot” buildings on Vassar Street including the Stata Center. Construction on campus in the 2000s included expansions of the Media Lab, the Sloan School’s eastern campus, and graduate residences in the northwest. Di 2006, President Hockfield launched the MIT Energy Research Council to investigate the interdisciplinary challenges posed by increasing global energy consumption.
Di 2001, inspired by the open source and open access movements, MIT launched OpenCourseWare to make the lecture notes, problem sets, syllabuses, exams, and lectures from the great majority of its courses available online for no charge, though without any formal accreditation for coursework completed. While the cost of supporting and hosting the project is high, OCW expanded in 2005 to include other universities as a part of the OpenCourseWare Consortium, which currently includes more than 250 academic institutions with content available in at least six languages. Di 2011, MIT announced it would offer formal certification (but not credits or degrees) to online participants completing coursework in its “MITx” program, for a modest fee. nu “edX” online platform supporting MITx was initially developed in partnership with Harvard and its analogous “Harvardx” initiative. The courseware platform is open source, and other universities have already joined and added their own course content.
Three days after the Boston Marathon bombing of April 2013, MIT Police patrol officer Sean Collier was fatally shot by the suspects Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, setting off a violent manhunt that shut down the campus and much of the Boston metropolitan area for a day. One week later, Collier’s memorial service was attended by more than 10,000 jelema, in a ceremony hosted by the MIT community with thousands of police officers from the New England region and Canada. on November 25, 2013, MIT announced the creation of the Collier Medal, to be awarded annually to “an individual or group that embodies the character and qualities that Officer Collier exhibited as a member of the MIT community and in all aspects of his life”. The announcement further stated that “Future recipients of the award will include those whose contributions exceed the boundaries of their profession, those who have contributed to building bridges across the community, and those who consistently and selflessly perform acts of kindness”
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