- Free University of Berlin
Free University of Berlin
ang Free University of Berlin” is a research universitylocated in Berlin and one of the most prominent universities in Germany. It is internationally known for its research in the humanities and social sciences, pati na rin sa larangan ng natural at buhay sciences. Itinatag noong West Berlin sa panahon ng unang bahagi ng panahon Cold War at ipinanganak sa labas ng increasingly Communist-controlled Humboldt University, ang pangalan nito ay tumutukoy sa West Berlin ni status bilang bahagi ng libreng mundo, bilang laban sa Sobiyet-abala “unfree” lugar na nakapalibot sa lungsod.
Freie Universität Berlin ay isa sa siyam German unibersidad upang manalo sa Aleman unibersidad Excellence Initiative, isang pambansang kompetisyon para sa mga unibersidad na inayos ayon sa ang Aleman pederal na pamahalaan. Panalong isang pagkakaiba sa loob ng limang mga programa ng doktor, tatlong interdisciplinary kumpol pananaliksik (ilan sa mga ito sa pakikipagtulungan sa iba pang mga unibersidad) at ang kabuuang institutional diskarte bilang isang“International Network University”, Freie Universität Berlin ay isa sa mga pinaka-matagumpay na mga unibersidad sa inisyatiba.
ang mga taon 1968, 1990, at 2007 mark pag point sa kasaysayan ng Freie Universität. Ang unibersidad ay isa sa mga sentral na mga site sa Germany para sa estudyante protests ng 1960, isang kilusan na sparked isang trend patungo sa mas mataas pagiging bukas, pagkakapantay-pantay, at demokrasya.
pagkatapos, pagkatapos German reunification in 1990, Freie Universität Berlin shifted kanyang diin, pagtaas ng kanyang mga gawain sa pananaliksik. Ang bilang ng mga nagtapos, matagumpay doktor kandidato, at mga pahayagan din lumago sa pamamagitan ng isang makabuluhang sukatan. Ang batayan para sa matagumpay na bagong diskarte sa unibersidad ay isang serye ng mga pangunahing reporma, kabilang ang pagpapakilala ng modernong istruktura ng pamamahala sa administrasyon ng unibersidad, pagbabagong-tatag ng mga kagawaran, at paggamit ng mga pondo upang suportahan ang mga tiyak na layunin.
Sa 2007, Freie Universität Berlin ay napili sa Excellence Initiative sama-sama sponsored sa pamamagitan ng Aleman pederal na pamahalaan at ang mga pamahalaan ng pederal na mga estado. Ito ay isa sa siyam na mga unibersidad sa Germany upang makatanggap pagkakaiba sa lahat ng tatlong linya ng pagpopondo, isang hakbang na ay pinagana ang unibersidad upang patatagin at higit pang palawakin ang posisyon nito bilang isang "internasyonal na network unibersidad." Sa 2012 sa panahon ng ikalawang pagpopondo round ng Excellence Initiative, ito ay napili muli at ngayon ay isa sa labing-isang unibersidad ng kahusayan sa Germany.
Paaralan / Mga kolehiyo / departamento / Kurso / faculties
- byolohiya, kimika, parmasya
- Business and Economics
- Agham Pangmundo
- Education and Psychology
- History and Cultural Studies
- Mathematics at Computer Science
- gamot (kawanggawa – Univ.medizin Berlin)
- Philosophy and Humanities
- Pampulitika at Social Sciences
- beterinaryo Medicine
Freie Universität Berlin was established by students and scholars on 4 Disyembre 1948. The foundation is strongly connected to the beginning of the Cold War period. The University of Berlin was located in the former Soviet sector of Berlin and was granted permission to continue teaching by the Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SMAD) Sa Enero 1946. The universities were increasingly influenced by communism as they were ground for the political disputes of the postwar period. This led to protests by students critical of the prevailing system. Sa pagitan ng 1945 at 1948, higit sa 18 students were arrested or persecuted, some even executed by the soviet secret police (NKVD).
Sa dulo ng 1947, first students demanded a university free from political influence. The climax of the protests was reached on 23 Abril 1948: after three students were expelled from the university without a trial, tungkol sa 2,000 students protested at the Hotel Esplanade. By the end of April, the governor of the United States Army Lucius D. Clay gave the order to legally check for the formation of a new university in the western sectors. sa 19 Hunyo 1948 ang “preparatory committee for establishing a free university” consisting of politicians, propesor, administrative staff members and students, met. With a manifesto titled “Request for establishing a free university in Berlin” the committee appealed to the public for support. The municipal authorities of Berlin granted the foundation of a free university and requested the opening for the coming winter semester 1948/49. Samantala, the students committee in the German Democratic Republic protested against the formation, the GDR described the new university as the “so-called free university” in official documents until the fall of the Berlin Wall.
The Council-manager government accepted the by-law on 4 Nobyembre 1948. The by-law achieved prominence under its alias “the Berlin model”: Freie Universität was founded as a statutory corporation (Körperschaft des öffentlichen Rechts) and was not directly subjected to the state, as it was controlled by a supervisory board consisting of six representatives of the state of Berlin, three representatives of the university and students. This form was unique in Germany at that time, as the students had much more influence on the system than before. But until the 1970s, the involvement of the students in the committees was slowly cut back while adapting to the model of the western German universities in order to be fully recognized as an equivalent university. sa 15 Nobyembre 1948, the first lectures were held in the buildings of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of Science. The actual foundation took place on 4 Disyembre 1948 in the Titania palace, the film theater with the biggest hall available in the western sectors of Berlin. Attendants of the event were not only scientists, pulitiko (the Governing Mayor Ernst Reuter amongst others) at mag-aaral, but also representatives of American universities, sa kanila Stanford University at Yale University. The first elected president of the FU Berlin was the historian Friedrich Meinecke.
Sa 1949, Freie Universität already registered 4,946 mag-aaral. Until the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, many students came from the soviet sector, often supported through the “Währungsstipendium” of the senate.
sa 26 Hunyo 1963, the same day he held his famous Ich bin ein Berliner speech at Rathaus Schöneberg, John F. Kennedywas awarded honorary citizen by the Freie Universität and held a ceremonial speech in front of the Henry Ford building in which he addressed the future of Berlin and Germany under the consideration of the motto of the FU. Amongst the attendant crowd are also the Governing Mayor of Berlin Willy Brandt and the Chancellor of Germany Konrad Adenauer.His brother, Robert F. Kennedy visited Freie Universität in 1962 for the first time and in June 1964 for receiving his honorary degree from the Kagawaran ng Pilosopiya. The speech he held at the event was dedicated to John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated just the year before.
Sa huli 1960s, Freie Universität was one of the main scenes of the German student movement of 68 as a reaction to the global student protests during that time. After the assassination of student Benno Ohnesorg and the attempt on Rudi Dutschke’s life, protests quickly escalated to violence in all of Germany. The events of the 68-movement provided the impulse for more openness, pagkakapantay-pantay, and democracy in German society.
During the 1970s and the 1980s, the university became a “Massenuniversität” (mass/mega university) sa 50,298 registered students in 1983. After reunification, Freie Universität was the second largest university in Germany (after the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) sa 62,072 students in the winter term of 1991/92. Shortly thereafter, the senate of Berlin decided to drastically reduce the places until 2003, the number of students shrank to 43,885 in the winter term of 2002/03. mula noon 2000, the Freie Universität Berlin has revamped itself. The university’s research performance increased markedly with regard to the number of graduates, PhDs granted, and publications. Underlying this successful trend were fundamental reforms such as the introduction of modern management systems in the administration, a reorganization of the departments, and an efficient utilization of resources. The Prognos AG, the renowned economic consulting corporation founded by the University of Basel, Switzerland, presented Freie Universität with an award for its good entrepreneurial principles.During the 1970s and the 1980s, the university became a “Massenuniversität” (mass/mega university) sa 50,298 registered students in 1983. After reunification, Freie Universität was the second largest university in Germany (after the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) sa 62,072 students in the winter term of 1991/92. Shortly thereafter, the senate of Berlin decided to drastically reduce the places until 2003, the number of students shrank to 43,885 in the winter term of 2002/03. mula noon 2000, the Freie Universität Berlin has revamped itself. The university’s research performance increased markedly with regard to the number of graduates, PhDs granted, and publications. Underlying this successful trend were fundamental reforms such as the introduction of modern management systems in the administration, a reorganization of the departments, and an efficient utilization of resources. The Prognos AG, the renowned economic consulting corporation founded by the University of Basel, Switzerland, presented Freie Universität with an award for its good entrepreneurial principles.
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