- Ezamahala University of eBerlin
Ezamahala University of eBerlin
the Ezamahala University of eBerlin” i uphando universitylocated eBerlin kunye neeyunivesithi ezigqamileyo e Germany. Yinto eyaziwa kwihlabathi zophando yalo eyoluntu ezentlalo, kwakunye endle Natural Sciences kunye nobomi. Yasekwa ngonyaka ka-West Berlin ngethuba leMfazwe Cold kwakusasa azalwe ngaphandle Humboldt University kusanda wamaKomanisi-ilawulwa, igama layo libhekisela iwonga West Berlin njengenxalenye yehlabathi ivideo, ngokuchasiweyo eSoviet-awuthimba “unfree” kwiindawo ezingqonge umzi.
Freie Universität Berlin wayengomnye iiyunivesiti isiJamani ezilithoba kuwina neGerman Universities Excellence Initiative, kukhuphiswano lukazwelonke iiyunivesithi eziququzelelwe ngurhulumente waseJamani Federal. Ngokuphumelela umahluko iinkqubo ezintlanu zobugqirha, amaqela amathathu ophando ezixuba (inxenye kubo kubanjiswene namanye neeyunivesithi) kunye nesakhe isicwangciso ngokubanzi yeziko njengoko“University Network International”, Freie Universität Berlin yenye yeeyunivesithi nempumelelo phulo.
iminyaka 1968, 1990, yaye 2007 uphawu ejika iingongoma kwimbali Freie Universität. Yunivesithi wayengomnye bayise kwiziko eJamani ezabangela olo qhankqalazo wayengumfundi 1960, intshukumo ebangele umkhwa phandle, ulingano, kunye nedemokhrasi.
ngelo xesha, emva zokubuyiselwa waseJamani kwi 1990, Freie Universität Berlin kushenxile nokugxininisa kwayo, izenzo zayo yophando. Inani abaphumelele, abagqatswa abaphumeleleyo zobugqirha, kunye neempapasho sathandana sisilinganisi ebonakalayo. Isiseko ndlela intsha eyunivesithi yaba uthotho ngenguqu esisiseko, kubandakanya nephulo izakhiwo zolawulo zalamaxesha kulawulo yeYunivesithi, lenguqulelo amasebe, nokusetyenziswa kwemali ukuxhasa iinjongo ezithile.
in 2007, Freie Universität Berlin wakhethwa yesiQalo Excellence ngokudibeneyo exhaswa ngurhulumente waseJamani Federal kunye noorhulumente ithi Federal. Yaba enye iiyunivesiti ezilithoba eJamani ukufumana umahluko kuzo zonke zontathu imigca mali, linyathelo ukuba kwenze ukuba eyunivesithi ukuba baqinise nokwandisa indawo yayo njenge "eyunivesithi uthungelwano lwehlabathi." Ngowe 2012 ngexesha lomjikelo mali yesibini Initiative Excellence, oko ekhethiweyo kwakhona kwaye ngoku omnye elinanye iiyunivesiti ukugqwesa eJamani.
Izikolo / iikholeji / iminyango / courses / amandla
- Biology, Chemistry, ikhemesti
- Ishishini kunye Economics
- Earth Sciences
- Education and Psychology
- History and Cultural Studies
- Mathematics and Computer Science
- Medicine (isisa – Univ.medizin Berlin)
- Ifilosofi Abantu
- Sciences ezopolitiko nezeNtlalo
- Veterinary Medicine
Free University of Berlin elathi laseka ngabafundi kunye wezazi 4 EtiMnga 1948. Isiseko uhlobene ngamandla ekuqaleni kwethuba War Cold. The University of Berlin yayimi kwindawo eyayisakuba kwicandelo yiSoviet of Berlin kwaye imvume ukuqhubeka ukufundisa yi-Administration yiSoviet Military e Germany (SMAD) ngoJanuwari 1946. The universities were increasingly influenced by communism as they were ground for the political disputes of the postwar period. This led to protests by students critical of the prevailing system. phakathi 1945 yaye 1948, engaphezulu kwe 18 students were arrested or persecuted, some even executed by the soviet secret police (NKVD).
Ekupheleni 1947, first students demanded a university free from political influence. The climax of the protests was reached on 23 UTshazimpuzi 1948: after three students were expelled from the university without a trial, malunga 2,000 students protested at the Hotel Esplanade. By the end of April, the governor of the United States Army Lucius D. Clay gave the order to legally check for the formation of a new university in the western sectors. phezu 19 Isilimela 1948 i “preparatory committee for establishing a free university” consisting of politicians, oonjingalwazi, administrative staff members and students, met. Nge manifesto osihloko “Isicelo yokuseka eyunivesithi simahla e-Berlin” ekomiti wabhenela uluntu ukuba inkxaso. Abasemagunyeni kamasipala Berlin unike isiseko eyunivesithi simahla yaye wacela Umqala ngokuza unyaka ebusika 1948/49. Ngelo, yekomiti abafundi kwi-German Democratic Republic ayekhalazela ukuyilwa, saseGDR wachaza yunivesithi entsha nje “njalo-ebizwa eyunivesithi free” kumaxwebhu asemthethweni kude ukuwa Berlin Wall.
Urhulumente IBhunga-umphathi wamkela mthetho kamasipala ku 4 EyeNkanga 1948. Lo mthetho-mthetho kuko udumo phantsi isibizo yayo “model eBerlin”: Free University leyo yasekwa njengoko corporation yomthetho (corporation Public) kwaye kange phantsi ngqo kurhulumente, as it was controlled by a supervisory board consisting of six representatives of the state of Berlin, three representatives of the university and students. This form was unique in Germany at that time, as the students had much more influence on the system than before. But until the 1970s, the involvement of the students in the committees was slowly cut back while adapting to the model of the western German universities in order to be fully recognized as an equivalent university. phezu 15 EyeNkanga 1948, the first lectures were held in the buildings of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of Science. The actual foundation took place on 4 EtiMnga 1948 in the Titania palace, the film theater with the biggest hall available in the western sectors of Berlin. Attendants of the event were not only scientists, abezopolitiko (the Governing Mayor Ernst Reuter amongst others) kunye nabafundi, but also representatives of American universities, phakathi kwabo Stanford University yaye Yale University. The first elected president of the FU Berlin was the historian Friedrich Meinecke.
in 1949, Freie Universität already registered 4,946 abafundi. Until the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, many students came from the soviet sector, often supported through the “Währungsstipendium” of the senate.
phezu 26 Isilimela 1963, the same day he held his famous Ich bin ein Berliner speech at Rathaus Schöneberg, John F. Kennedywas awarded honorary citizen by the Freie Universität and held a ceremonial speech in front of the Henry Ford building in which he addressed the future of Berlin and Germany under the consideration of the motto of the FU. Amongst the attendant crowd are also the Governing Mayor of Berlin Willy Brandt and the Chancellor of Germany Konrad Adenauer.His brother, Robert F. Kennedy visited Freie Universität in 1962 for the first time and in June 1964 for receiving his honorary degree from the Department of Philosophy. The speech he held at the event was dedicated to John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated just the year before.
Kwi 1960, Freie Universität was one of the main scenes of the German student movement of 68 as a reaction to the global student protests during that time. After the assassination of student Benno Ohnesorg and the attempt on Rudi Dutschke’s life, protests quickly escalated to violence in all of Germany. The events of the 68-movement provided the impulse for more openness, ulingano, and democracy in German society.
During the 1970s and the 1980s, the university became a “Massenuniversität” (mass/mega university) nge 50,298 registered students in 1983. After reunification, Freie Universität was the second largest university in Germany (after the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) nge 62,072 students in the winter term of 1991/92. Shortly thereafter, the senate of Berlin decided to drastically reduce the places until 2003, the number of students shrank to 43,885 in the winter term of 2002/03. ukususela 2000, the Freie Universität Berlin has revamped itself. The university’s research performance increased markedly with regard to the number of graduates, PhDs granted, and publications. Underlying this successful trend were fundamental reforms such as the introduction of modern management systems in the administration, a reorganization of the departments, and an efficient utilization of resources. The Prognos AG, the renowned economic consulting corporation founded by the University of Basel, Swizalend, presented Freie Universität with an award for its good entrepreneurial principles.During the 1970s and the 1980s, the university became a “Massenuniversität” (mass/mega university) nge 50,298 registered students in 1983. After reunification, Freie Universität was the second largest university in Germany (after the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) nge 62,072 students in the winter term of 1991/92. Shortly thereafter, the senate of Berlin decided to drastically reduce the places until 2003, the number of students shrank to 43,885 in the winter term of 2002/03. ukususela 2000, the Freie Universität Berlin has revamped itself. The university’s research performance increased markedly with regard to the number of graduates, PhDs granted, and publications. Underlying this successful trend were fundamental reforms such as the introduction of modern management systems in the administration, a reorganization of the departments, and an efficient utilization of resources. The Prognos AG, the renowned economic consulting corporation founded by the University of Basel, Swizalend, presented Freie Universität with an award for its good entrepreneurial principles.
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